the survival of the school children of migrant workers, migrant workers about the children’s life events Xinhua News Agency issued
migrant children schools in general need to support the government’s Xinhua News Agency issued a strong
Yangcheng Evening News Reporters Chen Xiaoxuan horse marine
about to usher in school days, Beijing more than 30 migrant children schools are faced with shutting down the demolitions, the news reached the scorching sun in Guangzhou, so many migrant workers hit a “cold war”: the school children of migrant workers in Guangzhou will suffer the same fate?
According to statistics, in Guangzhou, there are more than 300 school children of migrant workers, they agreed not named “public”, are privately-run. From the founding date, twists and turns along the way is rough, a few years ago have abolished school suffered the fate of one.
Recently, the Yangcheng Evening News reporter visited the Guangzhou survey more than migrant children schools, it is understood that the current overall environment is relatively tolerant of Guangzhou, but the way can go far, but always full of crisis sense.
temporarily optimistic, not the abolition of the risk
“do not worry about the school will be shut down”
“equal treatment of the government began”
“Education less prescriptive documents, guidance and more”
“Guangzhou not as close as the Beijing migrant children schools, because public schools and unable to accept children of migrant workers, private schools are the main force. “migrant children schools are responsible confident enough, he thought the school in Guangzhou,” action “, mostly to regulate.
8 24, the reporter went to the Guangzhou Baiyun District Huangshi Huangshi Garden Primary School, which is a more mature migrant school, founded in 1996 by the forces of civil society, school buildings and teaching facilities appear to have no less than public schools. Very eye-catching slogans in front of the school, the words “residence limited, do not accept sponsorship, school bus.” Reporters saw a president from other provinces so that he begged the parents are home school kids go through formalities in first grade, but because enrollment is full, the principal recommended him to another home away from home to work far more children of school he finished.
President Huang Shengwen introduced to this school for local students rarely, mostly inhabited by the native population in the Baiyun district, or work, or a small business, economic level is OK, but there are also individual can not afford the tuition, but to allow them to hold over or in installments.
“In fact, migrant workers also pay taxes, but a penny the government did not grant their children’s compulsory education, this unfair.” Huangsheng Wen said, but he believes that Beijing’s shutting down in Guangzhou does not occur, unless the school education themselves are flawed, even though some schools missing documents, Guangzhou will not immediately turn it off, just like the students failed the exam will not immediately be dismissed the same.
“Now the government’s attitude towards us more relaxed, the business also often help. Began to be treated equally, and the private and public office as a system that allows teachers with teaching and research will be opened, the students take the exam with appraisal, “Let Huang Shengwen happy is now a” twinning “, and so high-quality public schools to help weaker private schools.
Subsequently, the reporter arrived at the Baiyun District Tongdewei Zehnder of Zehnder school garden, but also migrant children schools, who started this year, 400 students enrolled, the scene many parents are their children admission procedures. From Nanchong to Ms Cheng said, to pay into this school without any sponsorship fees, about 4000 yuan per semester tuition fees, “can be found in Guangzhou, this school, we have Hen Zhizu up.”
President Chen Kai said, do not worry about the school will be shut down, as long as can be done according to the law school, so that government departments and the people are satisfied on the line. “Before a meeting is difficult to see private schools Education leaders, not now, will be to examine the leadership of Education is now less prescriptive documents, guidance and more.” Said Kai Chen, Guangzhou, now’s support for private schools increasing intensity, is driving our standardized school, closer to the public schools.
growth is not easy:
survive the hell
“own dry food to help the Government with children”
“Once the transformation of villages, schools will also be no escape”
Beijing shut down the migrant children schools, the education sector is also given a very harsh reason: without the approval of schools do not meet the educational standards; school for the illegal construction, a security risk and so on. However, these reasons are not entirely convincing.
“In fact, if the Government is determined, the hardware is not up to the school, can help improve school conditions, let them standard on the line, why should it be removed?” Letter, chairman of Bankers Trust Education Group Fitness, from 1997 school children of migrant workers in Guangzhou, was founded for Beijing’s “kind of death”, very sad, very angry.
Fitness, said the letter, private schools for the children to work deficiencies, as survive in the wild, is the “own dry food to help the Government with children.” Like public schools not only lack of financial support is basically “learning support learning”; also doing education, but schools have to rent space from, utilities do not offer, the teacher’s salary is only a teacher of public schools less than 1/3 ; social discrimination and prejudice as well, that migrant school is dirty and messy. “We survive is itself a remarkable achievement.”
letter Fitness recalls, in 1997, he founded the first schools for the children to work when the “school gate is always water, rain everywhere, every muddy bad way. garbage everywhere, a wind blowing on the school. bare campus is not a tree, surrounded by all the vegetable. the school house is rented, is a converted classroom, the teacher is outside , students? no students, going to provoke one by one. “This is the prototype of the school children of migrant workers.
Haizhu Recreation Primary School LIU Jian-min told reporters that their premises are leased to, the cost is high, the burden is relatively heavy; with a large turnover of children of migrant workers, teachers, low salaries because teams do not stability, improve the quality of teaching more difficult. Once the transformation of villages, schools will be nowhere to escape.
about the situation, President Huang Shengwen not too optimistic, he said I was actually there Tingzhi concerns, such as private schools can go far in the end, whether with private peer-run, or one day All are public-oriented?
It is understood that the current Guangzhou compulsory education for children of migrant workers there are several channels: some enter the public schools Jie Du; a small amount into the private “elite schools” high school; most still have access to ordinary private schools. Among them, the public schools is extremely tight places, “the same person households, the nearest school” admissions policy, a strict “three-card” (temporary residence permit, migrant card, birth certificate) verification system, as well as different forms of school fees, for migrant children enrolled in public schools is not easy.
Shanghai way: the government bought places
children of migrant workers 100% free and compulsory education
basic education and training in South China Normal University and the Institute executive vice president Wang Hong seems to solve the Guangzhou compulsory education of migrant children, the private schools have formed a certain dependence and the quality of the school children of migrant workers in Guangzhou and the environment in general pretty good, not as shacks, the guerrillas, as some relatively standard. Guangzhou’s public education resources, especially the relative lack of quality educational resources, private schools for the government all these years to ease a lot of pressure. “The situation is similar to Beijing, Guangzhou different, do not use too deliberately stressed ‘to public schools based’。”
talking about the plight of migrant children schools, scholars have always appreciated that man “Shanghai model.” According to reports, Shanghai for the few who do not meet the requirements of the working conditions of school children of schools to implement the ban, streaming of students to public schools, and qualified by the government to take over the government for some compensation for the founders, the government has given to all children enrolled 2500 yuan per year about student funding subsidies, and to help teachers grant.
According to statistics, when the fall semester of 2010, a total of 470,500 migrant workers living with their children to receive compulsory education in Shanghai. Free and compulsory for children of migrant workers the proportion of the end of 2007 from 57.1% to 100%.
Beijing Normal University Institute of Economics and Business Administration Professor Yuan Liansheng, Shanghai invested heavily in the transformation of the migrant children schools and into private education management, government-funded children entrusted to recruit migrant workers. Shanghai approved the establishment of a total of 162 such primary schools, the government buys about 12 million free compulsory education degree. Approval to recruit new children of migrant workers based private school, the city government has also given 500,000 yuan per school funding for school facility improvement, “inadequate in part by the county to be filled.”
Candice believes that its private schools shut down and suppressed, as for a solution ideas, explore the government to “protect the main public finance”, the new solution. Can learn from Shanghai, Guangzhou, the compulsory education of migrant children into the financial scope of protection, especially to explore the government through the “degree purchasing” approach or “school vouchers” in the form of support for the development path of school for migrant children. Must also not forget to continue to tap the potential of existing public schools, children of migrant workers and local children for a relatively equal public education resources.
Fitness, pointed out the letter, let the children of migrant workers have unrestricted access to compulsory education, should increase compulsory education in the central and provincial fiscal co-ordination of efforts at all levels of financial shared. Encourage diversification of school social forces, not government by the industry associations, the private school children of migrant workers to manage.
Guangzhou imbalance: funding is not fixed
only 33% of the children of migrant workers through government-funded schools to get
reporters learned that the private school as children of migrant workers, also revealed many problems. Some schools are not trying to provide good education to ensure quality education, but to reap huge profits for the purpose. Guangzhou had occurred a few years ago who escaped fled the school sponsoring the event, in addition, teachers are unstable, undocumented posts more common, the quality of teaching is worrying, and some just stay in literacy, low levels of literacy and hosting on.
fact, according to relevant provisions of the compulsory education of migrant children is the implementation of the “two-oriented” policy, namely, “to flow into the main local government management” and “full-time public school-based.” But for many it is difficult to implement.
South China Normal University, Institute of Basic Education training and executive vice president Wang Hong, lead the students to form a sample survey of four years’ compulsory education of migrant children in Guangzhou City, the mechanism to ensure funding for research. ” The report found that in Guangzhou can not do the “two-oriented.”
sample survey found that migrant workers in Guangzhou in 2010 children studying in public schools the ratio is only about 40%, while 60% of migrant children are still attending school or working children in private schools. Private schools is to attract children to receive compulsory education of migrant workers in the main channel, but the government’s financial support for private schools is grossly inadequate.
the end of 2004, according to the relevant departments of Guangzhou, 109 private schools survey showed that only eight schools had received financial subsidies, more than $ 450,000, less only a few hundred dollars. According to a sample of children of migrant workers in Guangzhou to receive school school survey showed that only 33% of the children of migrant workers to get off government-funded schools, this support more funding for substance-based. Funding for a school such as a computer room or a number of books, etc., and the funding does not have the permanence and continuity.
2006 in Guangzhou municipal government level co-ordination of additional education in the arrangement of 1,250 million yuan of special funds to encourage the children of migrant workers in Guangzhou City to receive more public schools and support school for migrant children. However, as demand exceeds supply, assigned to each school is limited. And this special fund is used to improve school teaching equipment funds, so basically no burdens on the role of migrant children.
report analyzes the tax system reform, the central government compared to local and provincial levels, the financial district, the county government is much more to be strong. But the central government investment in compulsory education of migrant children only take policy and supervise the implementation of low cost, and comparative financial constraints of local governments to bear 90% of the funding, the financial authority and the powers of a very asymmetric, has also contributed funds for compulsory education of migrant children can not be effectively guaranteed one of the reasons.
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