author (right) and two women Qin Qin Zhen Ming (left), second son of Tan set (sixth from left) , Qin Qiong and seven women (third from left) Tan vibration in the former residence.
during the Cultural Revolution, Zhou Enlai, Zhang Shizhao, in letters and on the Qin Zhen families handwritten instructions.
□ Qin Xiaoguang
Qin Zhen, Li Ming word, formerly known as Tan said so, (1885-1947) Hunan Taoyuan people.
famous patriots, pioneers Revolution. Had studied in Tokyo, Japan Hirofumi College, Waseda University, a former council member of Chinese Alliance headquarters, the Wuchang Uprising supervise coalition official in Hunan, Guangxi, Marshal House Services, Hunan Xunyue Shi, later served as vice president of national government legislation, Acting President , Vice President and other judicial staff.
the beginning of words
remember that it was in 1981, a day of spring rains, Hunan TV to commemorate the 70th anniversary remake Revolution “Huang Xing and Xinhai Revolution “documentary, I had the pleasure Liu Zicheng, clear the Yellow River, Chen Dajun gentlemen involved in the film’s shooting and editing work.
is to shoot this documentary, I had the opportunity to interview and get to know a lot of Revolution pioneer children and friends to gather a lot of that period, those historical figures. Also from that time on, I became interested in the history of that period. I am more concerned about events in the history of a well-known figure, that is, Qin Zhen. I started collecting and collating relevant historical data, searching for personal experiences and familiar with the history of the people, trying to get his receding back, slowly clear up.
a blink of an eye, 30 years later. In commemoration of 100 anniversary of the Revolution, re-touch those pieces of history, I often emotionally … …
a “Taoyuan heroes”: Song, Qin Zhen, Hu Ying
Hunan Taoyuan County is a beautiful place, but also a folk simple, powerful, celebrity men of the place. There, a little older know that the NPC, China in recent years in the history of three ringing people out, that Song, Qin Zhen, Hu Ying, known as the “Taoyuan heroes.”
According to Hu Ying Qidi Raotong Wu recalls: “Taoyuan heroes, age, living long Song, Ying Hu, followed by Tan Zhen Min. Family, Qin best, followed by Hu, Soong said the poor, who three people, when Grant Thornton early revolutionary ideals, Song older, Hu, Tan CD Song’s lead. “
1899 年 Chung Yeung Festival, similar to three of their classmates Changde River undercurrent eddy Hill, in the mountains,” drink the blood of Union, the sworn brothers, “determined responsible for the world, working together to fight anti-.
1903, Qin Zhen into the West in Changde, Hunan Normal study. This October, the official party, advocated the “loyalty” fallacy, “loyalty to the emperor.” Chong Qin Zhen podium, severely rejected, describing the revolution of truth must save the country, publicly declared to be “anti-imperialist, anti-.” Public gentry alarmed, ordered him to be arrested on the spot. Hunan Changde prefect and the General Office of Student Affairs Zhushu Yi, Zhen Tan pity young talents and decided to be lenient, only expelled trouble. Qin Zhen was expelled from school after writing the vernacular, “the dead to survive,” explained the anti-revolutionary truth, Changde posted all over the streets. This caused a sensation in Changde. Changde a gentry this report in Beijing, Qin said the authorities immediately ordered the arrest so (ie, Qin Zhen). Changde prefect Zhu Shuyi get this message, it immediately to find Tan Road, including the next “canoe” (Taoyuan where a boat), and he renamed Guo Qian’s, so he fled to Shanghai as soon as possible to leave here and went to Japan. Since then, Qin said let’s name it’s gone with that boat, and slowly disappeared. Qin Zhen was officially renamed.
two eve of Revolution, Tan Zhen three fled to Japan
1903 December, Tan Zhen removed first arrived in Japan, the Tokyo Institute of reading Hirofumi .
in Hirofumi Institute, Tan Zhen Xing met. After the introduction by Sung Huang joined the organization as the chairman of the anti-revolutionary – Revival.
Revival established, namely, planning held in Changsha uprising. Qin Zhen Qiu Ao with students in Japan, Jiao Dafeng, Liu Road, Marina and other hatred-type positive response.
Qin Zhen Ying Huang Xing, Song’s about to return to participate in the uprising. But when he returned to the mainland, they spill the beans because of the uprising, Huang Xing, Song Liu Gyu one, Tien-Hua Chen, respectively, fled.
Qin Zhen is not a return to participate in the uprising, he returned home in Taoyuan, Song Zhao and his fiancee married. After they married, due to official hunt, Tan fled to Japan, the second vibration.
1905, the Sun Yat-sen arrived in Japan, met with Huang Xing, decided to Revive China Society, Revival and other organizations together to set up a “Chinese Alliance.” Qin Zhen to participate as the backbone of Revival League of revolutionary activities, as one of the initiators League. 1906 Tan Zhen Xing assigned by the home again. Tan Zhen-instigated uprising in the League and preparation. After the mo due to Yu and other organizations with the planning public funeral Tien-Hua Chen, Hong Yao business activities, make the best use, encouraging rebellion, was official arrest. Tan Zhen-third fled to Japan, to enter Waseda University, studying law.
Tan Zhen at Waseda University in two and a half to learn the legal profession, that he had extensive contacts with some Western political ideas of democracy and freedom, his future in politics, has laid a solid foundation. This vibration has during the Qin and Huang, Sun Yat-sen as close to the revolutionaries, and was elected as the League council members.
Qin Zhen’s also one of the founders together. In 1908, together the revolutionary upsurge think coming, decided to send the backbone of home, sports the new army would be the party planned uprising. Qin Zhen Jiao Dafeng with other key leaders together will gradually return. Qin Zhen arrived in Changsha day, moving up staying on the official Street Inn was arrested and sentenced to imprisonment for life.
Tan Zhen wrote in prison, Qilu one, expressed his then state of mind:
“fifteen sword home tour, the youthful ambition to live up to.
Kwu Tung Biqin wrong to rob, and tolerance to the new pavilion weep Chu prisoners.
sea dream of dreams, a sense of injury when the fall of the old hometown.
fishing Qiao Mo then when things green mountain water from artesian. “
1911 年 10 月 10 日 Wuchang Uprising, the news shook the sleeping land of China, the provinces have responded, Tan Zhen was immediately released. With the reinforcements he decided to move into Wuhan, Ren Xianggui coalition supervise operations officer.
Qin Zhen reach of Wuhan, Wuhan war is tight, Li military government appointed him as Secretary General. In December, the appointment of Tan Li Zhen as Special Representative to Nanjing, Nanjing Provisional Government set up in consultation matters.
three Sun Tan Zhen appointed Minister for the Hunan branch, Marshal House Services
1912 年 1 月 1 Sun Yat-sen arrived in Nanjing, became provisional president.
1 28, the Senate set up temporary, Tan Zhen was elected Senate.
1912 March, North and South conferences and things are, Yuan Shikai became the second President of the Provisional Government, Tan Zhen Revolution to defend the results, despite all the anti-Yuan Shikai’s usurpation of power. He is the representative of the Vice-President Li Yuan-hung, Li without his consent, went so far as the representative of the Vice-President Li to Shanghai “declaration” published message, to expose the conspiracy Yuan, caused a sensation.
1913 年 3 月 20, was stabbed in Shanghai Sung, Tan Zhen and Jiang Yiwu rushed to Shanghai to investigate “the case of Song,” the truth.
the same year, Sun Qin Zhen Li cited the idea of ??armed anti-Yuan. August, Taoyuan’s “second revolution” failed, Tan Zhen fourth fled to Japan.
different from the previous three, the first three students to participate as he is a political activity, this time as his full-time politician engaged in revolutionary activities. Sun decided to transform the KMT, the establishment of the Chinese Revolutionary Party. Qin Zhen first joined the Chinese Revolutionary Party and fingerprinting sworn allegiance to Sun Yat-sen. Qin Zhen Sun directly appointed Minister for the Hunan branch.
Subsequently, Tan Zhen conduct and participate in the “expulsion of Tom Xiang Ming”, “recovery legislation”, “south of law enforcement” and a series of revolutionary activities, a firm follower of Sun Yat-sen.
1917 the appointment of Tan Zhen Sun Yat-sen House Services for the generalissimo, and appointed him as Hunan Xunyue Shi, Hunan, continue to be responsible to deploy the military. Also named Lin Zuhan (Lin Boqu) for the troops to make, and Qin Zhen peers. Qin Zhen to Hunan, and actively cooperate with the deployment of Sun Yat-sen, to take decisive action to stabilize the situation.
this period, Tan Zhen shuttling between Hunan and Shanghai, the intention to act entirely according to Sun Yat-sen, won the Sun Yat-sen reliance.
also during this time, Tan Zhen married a young girl plum crane repair Hanson for his second wife.
four Qin Zhen’s first handshake with Mao Zedong
1922, the Sun started reorganizing the Kuomintang, the Communists invited to participate. Qin Zhen Sun Alliance strongly supported by Russia, to co-support the three major agro-industrial policy, led to the first KMT-CPC cooperation has contributed to improve the case and was elected as one of the drafters of five members.
1924 年 1 月 20, Sun Yat-sen in Guangzhou, the KMT held its first congress, conference, Qin Zhen and other 24 persons elected to the Central Executive Committee, Mao Zedong and 17 were elected as alternate member of the Central Executive.
now reaches 40-year-old Qin Zhen, Mao Zedong, who just turned 30 years old, but the two fellow-words harmonious, congenial, mutual admiration.
after the meeting, Mao Zedong and Qu, Yun Daiying other in Shanghai, Tan Zhen was sent to Wuhan, responsible for directing the Hunan and Hubei provinces party.
Mao to the Chinese Xiang Li Weihan District Committee secretary wrote to introduce the vibration back to the Qin Xiang, please help.
founding of New China, the Qin Zhen Qin Ming was visiting two women at the time when the CPC Central Committee United Front Work Department Li Wei-han, Li Wei-han recalled: “Mao Qin Zhen and close relationship, a deep friendship in the Revolution, has been is very familiar. “” Tan Zhen 1924 from Guangdong to Hunan, Mao Zedong took a handwritten letter of introduction to me, asking me to help Qin Zhen’s work to do to restore the KMT organization and I Shuheng, Xiaxi two comrades, after discussions to help establish Qin Zhen Preparatory Office of the Kuomintang. “” I Tan Zhen friendship is the intermediary through which Mao Zedong laid. “
eldest daughter Tan Tan Zhen Yu recalled, the first KMT-CPC cooperation, the father was selected as the Central Executive Committee, the Central Propaganda Department agency, Mao Zedong was elected alternate central executive committee, the two terms with. Mr. Mao Dun’s memoirs have this account: “The Central Propaganda Department Wang’s absence, the Tan vibration generation, vibration Tan on behalf of the absence of Mao, Mao is not, by my generation, I am a generation, generation, on behalf of the Minister.”
on behalf of the KMT after the end of the first, Tan Zhen entertained friends from Hunan, Mao Zedong invited to dinner. During the reception, pick up a chili Qin Zhen, said: “This fellow is the touchstone of true and false test.” We all laughed.
HU-resistant safety in the “happy years of Tan Li Ming,” a paper recalled: “Mao Zedong in the KMT elites, Qin Zhen personal relationships with the best relationship on the fellow on the personal friendship, in addition to no second outer Tan people. “
Hunan Normal University professor, expert Raohuai Min Revolution History in the” Biography of Qin Zhen, “one article said, leaders during the 1911 Revolution in Hunan is a vibrant area, but the second revolution failed, Hunan Almost no one leading the revolutionary movement into a dilemma. Qin Zhen stepped from the second revolution failed to Sun Yat-sen’s death before the period (1914 ~ 1925), the revolutionary movement in Hunan has become the main leader.
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