stained the stone. Our reporter Li Zhiyong photo
corner full of debris consulate sounded cloud of dust. Our reporter Li Zhiyong photo
Read tips Tengchong in Yunnan, there is a Western-style building: 80 years, after World War II war baptism witnessed Sino-British diplomatic situation , and was named the provincial cultural relics protection units. It is the local British Consulate.
however, is such a rich culture of historic sites in the past years have been gradually abandoned, and finally actually turned “toilet” as the nearby residents at Lazard.
is what causes such a great contrast? What kind of difficulties faced by grass-roots heritage? How should we protect the earth’s history retained in the coordinates?
hiding Tengchong the British Embassy in downtown sites.
9 27, reporters from the chaotic babble of the streets crowded in the past, the compound in the grain market to find it. Appearance comes in the grand, three or four stories high, stands a “key cultural relics protection units, Yunnan Province,” the stone. Side on top of this stone, then drying with several pieces of clothing, swaying. Next to a pile of dark wood and debris, as well as a notice prohibiting dumping trash. Reporters accidentally let off the corner of the mud, into the probe, an Xingsao taste straight nose.
[embarrassed] at the provincial level cultural relic protection units become filthy place
windows defeat, leaving only the walls of the consulate remaining a “skeleton”, dirty everywhere . Reporters and Tengchong conservation department staff from openings dig into the ground carefully to avoid dirty water and dirt. From the inside, as this two-story structure has just completed the main building of rough housing. In addition to walls and floor of the baidunzi, almost empty.
Tengchong, Yunnan Cultural Relics Bureau director Li Xinbo apparently the only remnants from a lot of information to read: “This is not easy baidunzi is then fitted with the floor!”
” You see, this is the fireplace! “
” Here is the conference room! “
Tengchong the British consulate was established in 1921, completed in 1931 years, full cover for 10 years. British local materials, dug from a nearby stone, built in accordance with Scottish style. Consulate including office, kitchen, servants housing. Later, the Japanese soldiers front is approaching, the British panic and go. In 1944, the battle in the recovered Tengchong, which become due to strong Japanese presence. Blocked the Chinese military base on the firm under the high wall, a few days her inability. U.S. Flying Tigers sent a dozen bombers bombing, the museum combustible things are reduced to ashes, the Japanese died exhausted, only the pedestal, stone walls standing. Numerous bullet holes still visible today on the wall.
“Tengchong the British Consulate in British diplomatic history as a Republican when the physical witness for the study of modern Sino-British relations, Burma and business services sector are provided in-kind basis. Is an important milestone in the history of Sino-Japanese War.” Tengchong SMG Xu Gang, Deputy Secretary commented.
heritage who know its value. April 2003, it became the county-level cultural relics protection units, in December, has become a provincial protection units in 2009, it declared a national heritage conservation units. “Finally, the results have not come out.” Xu Gang said.
can escalate this top hat, why not bring protection, but also to make it become a “toilet” mean?
[lack of] what they lack most grass-roots conservation? One word: money
“the British consulate site become filthy place, we have a responsibility.” SMG Tengchong County Secretary Boshao Qin told reporters, “There are three main reasons: First, it historically belonged to the jurisdiction of the Food Authority, property rights are not allocated to us; second, surrounded by grain and oil trade market, inadequate public facilities; Third, people’s awareness of the value of heritage is not enough. “
“In fact, we have been periodically sent in the clear, otherwise, can not even into.”
a provincial-level cultural relic protection unit for eight years, why, or look of the thing? “The key is not in place repair funds.” Lixin Bo said, “restore the historical appearance, after a door with windows, refined and elegant architecture of Scotland, who will do it when the toilet?”
Lixin Bo take out of a thick budget books, counting the breakdown: the upper part of wood, galvanized metal tile roof, ground floor, doors and windows were destroyed by war, to varying degrees of stone walls blown off, the kitchen was blown up – just The remaining part of the foundation and building the back wall, roof, beams and other relics.
“heritage restoration, to be repairing the old old. Take the roof of galvanized iron sheets to protect it, must pass tests and do the same ingredients as is.”
so doing, was 2.2 million. Provincial Cultural Relics Bureau has allocated $ 1 million, there is a great gap.
what they lack most grass-roots conservation? One word: money. Xu Gang said that technology has the support of experts inside and outside the province; staff, despite the tension, but the work of Tengchong County Fair in 32 individuals, can not be considered too short; government paid insufficient attention to the economic interests in the matter, in recent years, the basic no. Now construction, cover house building, cultural protection department to the scene to investigate, issue a certificate, in order to project, “card is now very strict.”
However, the question of money, not the past has become a cross- points.
artifacts to regularly repair, this takes a lot of money. “Light it easy to find materials, such as maintenance of the unique needs of catalpa wood, the cost is very high.” Xu Gang said.
Tengchong total of 60 units to be protected, state-level 2, 8 provincial level, city level 6, 44 county level. Most difficult problem is repaired. “In recent years, the government invested a lot of money, can Jiabu Zhu points, a wide range of funds, or difficulties.” Xu Gang helpless.
Boshao Qin said the 28 early in the morning, the county held a special meeting to coordinate the relevant portion of enterprise funds, to address the British consulate site repair things.
[difficult] to broaden the financing channels for lack technique, “lucky money” hard to find
apply for national, provincial cultural relics protection, rely on government funding, is Tengchong unhistorical primary means of financing.
“If we can project into the national free and open to the public, access to state support, a steady stream of running water came.” Xu Gang, “said conservation should be primarily by the state’s money out.” It is understood , who entered the national, provincial, city and county’s heritage protection system, and how many will get the protection and restoration funding.
but if the application for it, how do? China is a cultural power, not out into the grading system of heritage protection, “lucky money” from?
In this regard, said Xu Gang, and Li Xinbo have had to do to maintain existing capacity.
have tried a variety of local back-channel financing. For example, your business support. Repair of the provincial cultural protection units Qiluo Wenchang Palace, Tengchong governance section of private entrepreneurs donated 1.5 million yuan Kwai free; repair of municipal cultural protection unit drug palace, Teng drug Industrial company took 200 million. But these things can not make the event.
can not be properly developed to support commercial paper it?
Lixin Bo frankly, a lot of cultural protection units are not enough tourists do not have commercial development value. In addition, how to coordinate the development and protection is also a problem. Where some development potential, tourism sector is responsible for development, cultural protection department is responsible for protection, but the mechanism is not there yet divided.
donations to the people even more realistic, and the law can not be justified: cultural protection department, and no public fund-raising qualifications.
sites outside the consulate, Lixin Bo pointed to a piece of land, said: Here is the consulate of the kitchen. May at first glance, how the slightest shadow of the kitchen? A mud rut printed, like a little swamp. “The second half, we seek to put it back up. Not a province allocated $ 1 million it? Dry up first to say!” He said the consulate was repaired by the local Development and Reform Bureau included in the annual investment plan.
sound perhaps a bit of excitement, a group of birds from the site of the skeleton in the dancing, seeing too far to go.
more more more more slowly and then more slowly (reporter’s notes)
shabby homes empty hall, then Wat Manchuang; shortness dry Yang, who for the dance field.
“Dream of Red Mansions” in these words, used in the vicissitudes of the British Consulate on the site of Tengchong, is pretty apt. Xingsao heavy today, when the smell of coffee, the old walls from the stands, bullet remember the rise and fall. Sunset this, how many hearts can not churn with emotion!
but we are not, after all the ancients, can not just send out of emotion, said several more bleak.
British exchanges, southwest trade, anti-Japanese populations, these are immersed in the old block wall. In any case, remains like this, all should be well protected. “Only the old material form deep feeling,” This is not just an old house, where the head has the nation’s memory. Should not be allowed to desolation, and filthy as partners.
can be easier said than done. Wide field of vision was then put some historical significance with a large number of grass-roots heritage, particularly those without access to all levels of protection system to protect them, How is not easy.
this first one hard, hard in raising money. Light said the repairs, repairing the old old, as is tradition, not cheap. Ordinarily this money from the Government out, leading a poor time to know your masters, the people’s livelihood and career, which place do not spend money? China’s development not balanced, when the livelihood and cultural security are on the scale, how should local government decision? The funding mechanism, how can a more diverse, to a greater extent focus on social and financial resources, this is a problem to be solved.
harder in a difficult impulse Nan Yi. In some places, there are many real estate development and heritage preservation battle. Business interests in mind some of those in power can always be partial to, development and protection, many have failed to “look with two tire.”
Leaning Tower of Pisa, eight years did not fall; Acropolis, often containing thousands of survival. I just hope that through the ancient and modern Chinese cultural relics can have more, more more; also hope that the passage of historical relics, the pace slower, and then more slowly.
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