Chinese astronauts prepare for future rendezvous and docking mission
first group of astronauts is still the main female astronaut by primary
Xinhua Jiuquan, Gansu Province on October 31 (Reporter White Snow, Lihui Zi, Li Xuanliang) Shenzhou VIII spacecraft will visit the space, the Chinese astronauts are doing? When they fly again? Astronaut Research and Training Center, Ren Chenshan widely accepted October 31, Xinhua News Agency reporter an exclusive interview that Chinese astronauts undergoing training rendezvous and docking mission, astronauts will continue to be the first rendezvous and docking at this stage the main task, two female space Members also take the group through the initial selection of the flight.
According to Shan-wide, in accordance with the manned spaceflight program, may be manned spacecraft Shenzhou 九号 Shenzhou-10 manned spacecraft program. Astronauts are preparing for the future of manned flight, China’s first batch of astronauts rendezvous and docking at this stage is still the main task has been executed mission astronauts still have a chance of flying again.
“men and women have many similarities, there are a lot of difference. To verify whether humans can really survive in space, astronauts are men and women must be investigated.” About two female astronauts through the primaries, Shan-wide that the reason why the selection and training of female Chinese astronaut, because there is no women’s participation in space activities is incomplete. Meanwhile, women can play in the flight team in the role of men can not be achieved, and also to meet public expectations.
the late 1990s, Yang Liwei, Zhai Zhigang, 14 who became China’s first astronaut. The second batch of astronauts in late 2009 to early 2010 selected, including five men and two women astronauts astronauts.
Shan-kwong, said the manual rendezvous and docking technology is the focus of astronaut training. “About manual and automatic rendezvous and docking which is better, there have been international debate, consensus was finally reached in two ways together to complete the rendezvous and docking the best artificial control is automatic control of redundant measures, the intersection was involved in matchmaking more insurance. “
he said in the manual rendezvous and docking, astronauts, according to television images, location away from the speed and other information to determine the two spacecraft attitude and be completed within the stipulated time docking mission, eye-hand coordination of astronauts, operation and fine psychological quality requirements are particularly high. Therefore, the astronauts to repeated rigorous training, generally through hundreds to thousands of training to meet the requirements.
In addition, the increase in the number of days flying and space increases more easily lead to the occurrence of space motion sickness, spacecraft rendezvous and docking involves many links, the state complex, requiring the astronauts have a strong ability to deal with ad hoc, to For docking, withdrawal and other possible emergency situations and timely disposal.
Shan-wide revealed that China and the European Astronaut Centre, a joint research has shown that Chinese medicine in enhancing the astronauts and other aspects of cardiovascular function works well. Russia is being carried out “Mars 500″ project, Chinese scientists also carried out “look and smell” test. Flight in the long-term future, this method has the potential biochemical and Western medicine together for the health of astronauts discrimination.
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