district offices or in the “1025″ period out Beijing.
WASHINGTON existed in our country 50 years of district offices, or in the “1025″ period out Beijing. The city announced yesterday that “Beijing” 1025 “period Reform Plan” (hereinafter “Plan”), planning further optimize the government’s organizational structure, which clearly expand the county, township government authority, the management center of gravity and rationalize the management and vertical counties, towns relationship. In addition, the plan explicitly explore the revocation of the street office reform.
promote the management center of gravity
planning efforts to identify innovative government services, including management, including the seven key reform tasks, which require deepening of the administrative system, to further optimize the organizational structure of government.
government for how to optimize the organizational structure, planning proposed will further rationalize the responsibilities between levels of government relations, rational division of functions of government at all levels to study the development of the city, county, township three powers the directory, expand county government and township government’s management authority, to promote the management center of gravity. In addition, to further adjust and standardize the vertical management system, streamline management and vertical counties, towns relationship. It is noteworthy that the plan clearly will explore the revocation of the street office reform.
break through the bottleneck Lugu mode
since 2003, Shijingshan District, Beijing Lugu community become the city’s only a “street level” community, The community also assumed the management system of Beijing city primary task of comprehensive reform test the water. However, because “under the change does not change,” and many other problems yet to crack the system, the reform of Lugu mode encountered a bottleneck.
and the reform plan in the eyes of experts is no longer a single point like a breakthrough, but the system of planning and adjustment. Secretary general of China’s administrative reform, said Wang Yukai, the reform plan on optimizing the organizational structure of government set out the main idea is clear in the next five years, management will adjust the vertical power structure the main line, Wang Yukai, explained that the department set up with the horizontal adjustments are different, the vertical structure is adjusted on the administrative level.
to vertical structural adjustment
Wang Yukai that this adjustment is reflected in the plan, Beijing will expand next county government and township government management authority, to promote the management center of gravity. At the same time, will also adjust the vertical management system, said Wang Yukai, and now business, quality control has been explored to the local management, which further increased the county comprehensive management capabilities.
Wang Yukai that is most critical to efforts to remove street trying to explore, this is the adjustment of the vertical power structure managed a big move.
already have removed the basic conditions
from the district offices positioning itself in terms of, which is not a government, is on an agency of the government; from the terms of the law, you can send can not send itself does not constitute a regime. District offices set up in major cities in the past, do not cover rural areas.
Wang Yukai that revocation of the moment to explore neighborhood offices, with a certain objective conditions. On the one hand, today’s community to develop a common, ordinary people can achieve within a certain range of effective self-management, which also weakened to some extent, there is the need for district offices. In addition, the information network technology, transportation conditions greatly improved, district-level management can direct radiation to the community and increase community self-government by building, and ultimately good governance.
two modes to strengthen community self
now, from the vertical power structure formed of two management models to explore. One is represented in Shenzhen, it will revoke the district government to retain a number of district offices, district offices to strengthen the functions of making municipal government agency. One is represented in Beijing, the street removed, government reserves and strengthen the functions of the district government. But without exception, these two are to strengthen community self-management model management. From this level is concerned, there are two modes of exploration are important.
■ existing defects
a lot of tasks to the community
neighborhood Administrative strong color
Ministry of Civil Affairs Wang Jinhua, deputy director of the grassroots political power had an interview that Chinese cities are more layers of management, there is a municipal city, district, street, four communities, cities, districts arranged down the task, the street will be open, and then arranged for the community, the street is just a “secondary.”
a lot of tasks to the community, neighborhood directly to the Chief of serious. Wang Jinhua said that according to law, the neighborhood is the residents’ self-organization, but now its a lot of energy on dealing with higher levels of government and district offices to the tasks, no time to organize residents to carry out activities to understand the grass-roots public opinion, to resolve the primary contradictions, “the government’s ability to walk neighborhood, autonomous features greatly weakened.”
people trapped in the streets over property
communities do not have powers, powers
“As more levels of management many people, financial, and material to the basic level on the street this Xiabu Qu, and most are trapped in the streets over the. “said Wang Jinhua, communities do not have the means, no service resources, no money, a lot of work is not carried out, only to reflect the above seriously will be able to promptly resolve, do not pay attention may be dragged to the end to nothing. This is a long-term management of our city the biggest problem.
the same time, many streets and community functions overlap, the street also has the functions of community management, community management community also has the function of division of functions is not clear.
long-established government-enterprise integration
social services functions of the dilute
Wang Yukai that street offices in the past to set more street surface between the relatively narrow jurisdiction to undertake more economic functions, they engage in revenue-generating industry, prone to the shortcomings of rectitude. Later, Beijing has been adjusted to emphasize its commitment to social management and public service functions, the financial guarantee by the higher funding. However, due to its long-standing government-enterprise integration case, the economy too much effort involved the street, played down the social management and public service functions.
■ implementation difficulties
withdrawal does not move how to do
can not withdraw it all integration
said Wang Yukai, if not altogether in some places, neighborhood offices, large-scale integration can reduce the number and increase the scope of management, not to make too much of the formation of district offices administrative barriers, restricting its management functions and service functions of the play.
staff how to deal with
functions by the government to buy
first to organize the structure of these personnel If the formal establishment of national public servants should be arranged through the civil service system, if it is necessary to gradually contract may terminate the contract. In fact, the street is now a lot of functions can be through the government procurement of services, use the market to take it up. Explore more streamlined management of the longitudinal management is to protect the future of Beijing has a positive meaning.
how to reduce the administrative committees color
efforts to strengthen the mass self
residents’ committees and community are residents of autonomy, not a government agency, now district offices to the residents of administrative intervention executive committee added a lot of color, after the revocation of the street office, residents will inevitably reduce the administrative committee of the color. At the same time, strengthening the autonomy of the masses is the general direction, to reduce administrative autonomy to the residents colors.
■ Other Mountains
street usher in Tongling, Anhui Province farewell large community
street Office, a presence in China 50 years of administrative bodies, completely out of Tongling City, Anhui Province people’s lives.
a year ago, the main city of Tongling Tongguanshan rate of the country’s first mountain, the pilot removed the street office, residents of Community Affairs to implement self-management. Currently, the Tongling City has launched the reform of Tongguan mountain experience complete removal in the city street, Tongling City, China has thus become the first to repeal all the “street” level city.
the end of July this year, Ministry of Civil Affairs Tongguan mountain as a “national community management and service innovation pilot area”, the reform model has been summarized as “Tongling model.” With the reform approved Tongling, “Tongling mode” is also about the Anhui province-wide to promote the open.
from 2010 to mobilize the region was held in July, August 19, six mountain Tongguan street is more than a dozen community public service center instead. In early September that year, a large community of people all in place, began formal operations, the district’s affairs directly with community dock, and then without going through the streets.
reform, the economic development of the original street, city inspectors and other body functions reverted to the district-level functions, and social management, transaction services, such as the decentralization of the functions of all the community, residents in the community can directly apply for the Home social security, family planning, comprehensive management and other matters.
large integrated community, set community party work, community committees, community service centers, community party work within the community is mainly responsible for the overall situation and coordinating all of the duties. Community Service Center is responsible for the matter to the residents of the implementation of “a room-style” approval and “one stop” centralized processing. Neighborhood function is to restore autonomy to organize residents to carry out various activities.
Tongguanshan mountain Government’s request, the matter involving the local residents, community and district can directly contact the relevant functional departments, district functions to be rapid for feedback. Meanwhile, in order not to increase the negative community, the various functional departments of the mountain by Tongguanshan organization “Joint” discussions, some of the services we can come into the community, do not fit the community, district to complete their functions.
more importantly, the streets were abolished, the funds can be tilted to the community. In the pre-reform, Tongguanshan small mountain community work each only 3 million of funding, funding for community work after the reform for each of 30 million -65 million range. “With the neighborhood to serve the people of means and measures, have the capital, can directly control, and this neighborhood in the past is very difficult to perform alone.”
edition have written this Daily News reporter Sun Dry
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