Isle fishing. Source: CFP
Isle fishing. Source: CFP
Isle fishing. Source: CFP
coastal water is very dirty. Source: CFP
international online news: “It is now the most prosperous fishermen are the most busy time, but my offshore boat out every day, do not beat the fish.” Rong Weihai City in Shandong into the City, Isle fishing pier, Mr. Chen (a pseudonym) sitting in his Alto car, the reporter sighed. His hand holding a newspaper with eye-catching title – “South Korea two days arrested 26 Chinese fishing boats use large vessels and helicopters.” “Let the fishing has been caught!” Rongcheng City pier, bus car, vegetable market, the citizens are all talking about the.
depletion of fisheries, marine oil, China and South Korea fisheries disputes, diplomatic friction … … China’s eastern coastal provinces in 2011, experienced a wave after wave of tests, and “fishing” for the word into the sea Health of the city’s most sensitive nerve.
“sweeping the poor” play to China’s eastern coastal waters have been no fish
11 late in Rongcheng Isle Fishing sky was clear, strong winds . As a national center in north China’s largest-class fishing, Isle harbor full of parked and had to return due to wind fishing. In a “city of the northern fish” on the pier, the crew is to unload dozens of fishing boats, boat owners sitting in the car or standing on the shore or supervision of the process. Remove the fresh produce from the fishing boats are all hand-long fish, which almost did not sell one hundred yuan at the hotel can easily pound of seafood.
“These are the fish from the sea hit, we ran one to one to ten days, only to play some ‘junk fish’, do fish meal, when the poultry feed, a sold-two sea twelve, thirty thousand dollars. “Mr. Chen on the positive side staring at a number of discharge,” Ruben fishing, “the ship, while on the World Wide Web, told reporters,” I’ll give you the math, ah, I have money to burn Varnish out of fourteen fifty thousand, had to pay more than twenty crew members to open. the cost of the plane out of these two, I do not make any money. the whole case, Rongcheng fishermen are the same. “
Wing into the Bohai Sea and Yellow Sea at the junction of two major offshore fisheries, but had sitting on the “fish warehouse” in Shandong “Blue Economy” leader, why no fish can be caught in the plight of play? Mr. Chen said, because “overfishing” and “pollution.”
“We use the net hole is very small, like a little more than fishing.” Mr. Chen said his hand than to draw a circle the size of a dollar coin, which is locally known as “sweeping the poor,” the catch fishing nets. Reporters often see at the pier, “sweeping the poor”, it is not only a very small mesh, the more will sink into the water deeper, forming a straight line, like a broom with the general movement of fishing vessels “sweep” through which the waters. Because even two or three cm long fish are Laode up, it has a more explicit name – never household network. An informed source told Global Network reporter, the practices of Chinese fishermen also very “sinister.” In general, fishery resources are mobile and can be recycled, and fishermen if only local operations in the fish mature, their number will not cause too much damage, but the Chinese fishermen “chasing fish salvage.” “In recent years, the city popular to eat octopus, octopus fishermen to catch spawning areas, the size of take-all,” the industry source said, “After a lot of fishing in the sea is not by GPS (satellite positioning) system point to go, Where to go where the fish, found a fish, a few days to kill. “just landed from the Isle, Wang engaged in offshore oil transport tanker crew places a perspective to reporters about fishing waters east of the process of gradual expansion until saturated . His work ran mainly tankers from Dalian to Shanghai or Nanjing line. “Before, we travel in the sea is very convenient, no obstacles, but in recent years, the tanker was especially careful south to north, the speed is also greatly reduced, because the coastal waters thick with countless fishermen.” Wang said, “looking ahead, the sea all bits and pieces of fishing boats and nets, believe it will touch a porcelain. “
no fish to play the generations living in Rongcheng Huanghai Bohai Sea desperate rush. To Mr. Chen, for example, he was loaned a pair of six million yuan repairing ships, and employs more than twenty crew members, however, their fishing profits to deteriorate, even to make ends meet the situation. Sea in order to continue to eat, Rongcheng fishermen can only look abroad.
Fu Han into a fishing license to be pushed up to 260,000 Yaohao
waters west of the Korean Peninsula, Shandong fishermen hundreds of years of traditional fishing grounds. From the Jiaodong Peninsula, where only three or four hundred kilometers, is rich in fishery resources, Rongcheng in recent years become fishermen, “goes out” of choice. Many of the fishermen to join together, the small 450 horsepower horsepower boat into the boat, hoping to Korean coastal waters, “turned around” to turn around.
but this process is not smooth. Since 2005, the Chinese fishermen, “South Korea’s invasion of the exclusive economic zone,” the news media in Korea have continually seen above, Han Guohai Police was also September 16 to October 30 to 45 days as “Chinese fishing boats fight against illegal fishing in particular, “time period. In 2008, a Chinese Han Guohai Police trying to inventory when the drowning death of fishing, South Korean media also exposed Han Guohai Police and the Chinese fishing boat “hostage exchange”, the events make Chinese fishermen were strong with “pirates”, “mob” of notoriety. In order to combat Chinese fishermen, Han Guohai Police have set up special mobile teams, the deployment of ships to police officers issuing high-pressure injectors, remote sound wave control, electronic sonic boom impact of looting and flash bombs and so on.
“That obviously is a Chinese site, how to become South Korea’s exclusive economic zone, and we just started Dounong not understand, had not consciously on the line.” Chen and his doubts on the World Wide Web to told reporters. Marine Fisheries Department, Shandong Province, one person said that Chinese fishermen have always thought that a country’s coastline is 12 sea miles outside of the high seas, free fishing, but also do not understand what the exclusive economic zone, why not go past to go now, to South Korea after the helicopter has also become the object of pursuit?
answer is July 1, 2001 came into effect, “China and the ROK Fisheries Agreement.” Between China and South Korea has been no formal demarcation of the sea, the agreement between the Korean waters into three parts, namely the “provisional measures waters”, “transitional waters” and “maintain the existing fishing waters.” The “provisional measures waters” is 11 minutes north latitude and 32 degrees to 37 degrees north latitude and between the Yellow Sea, China and South Korea jointly by the conservation and management. The “transitional waters” of two, in the “waters of the provisional measures” on both sides of China and ROK territorial waters. Four years after the Agreement enters into force in 2005, the two transition automatically into Korean waters, their respective exclusive economic zones.
Rongcheng fishermen’s traditional fishing grounds are just part of the exclusive economic zone in Korea. Agreement, the Chinese fishermen To enter this area, the South Korean authority to be issued by relevant Chinese departments “into the fishing license.” Rongcheng, Rongcheng Marine Fisheries Service organized each year by fishing for computer “Yaohao” shake the boat in October each year 15 to 15 April the following year to South Korea’s exclusive economic zone for fishing permit.
However, Mr. Chen was a never-to-ship “in the sign over.” He said there are thousands of boats fishing Isle, and shake to the number of only the “hundred and eighty of” being in the shake probability is more than ten percent. “Before, we all think of fishing to the Korean side, a card money can buy 3, 4, one thousand, but this year, a permit has been pushed up to 260,000 of.” Ch’en, a sigh.
Rongcheng City pier into Masan Town boss Lee has three-to-ship, he also said he never signed in before. He admitted to the South Korean side know that fishing is “we did not care,” “But we little people pay greater attention to economic interests, attend to state regulations, but we really do not fish here, the South Korean side of fish, particularly, three days will be able to hit a ship, are pomfret, Spanish mackerel, mackerel, Maputo that the fish sold on the price of children. ”
Han Guohai police “harassment” type check card without a license may be punished
burden in the body, the interests of the current, looking forward to a South Korean fishermen offshore back rewarding feeling. However, neither is a “card” or “undocumented”, the road was full of risks is doomed.
one to get the card, many times to South Korea’s offshore fishing boat owner with the “harassment” word to describe Han Guohai Police intensive inventory. He said that in South Korea’s exclusive economic zone fishing needs at all times to maintain contact with the Han Guohai Police – newspaper production, newspaper position, Han Guohai Police also may be boarding at any time.
Najiu fishermen also have maritime police bribery and money, because if in full accordance with the provisions of South Korea to go fishing, “round-trip tolls are making do not come back”, like the mesh size of fishing nets, marine fishing logging, fishing and other details of the amount of any violation, even if there is evidence also arrested fined.
Mr. Chen said that some Chinese fishermen fishing in South Korea to fight for a fish, said one should say, for fear of “overweight.” If South Korea provides standard 250-horsepower boats hit 40 tons, you can play less, but even more than one tonne must be punished. “How can you be so accurate pinch thing, and they were heavy penalty, a penalty is Sansishiwan yuan.” He said.
At the same time, those people known as the “stolen fish” illegal immigrant fishermen and Han Guohai Police need to “hide and seek.” Chinese fishing boats to take advantage of these storms usually go out to sea, arrived in South Korea at night offshore. Fu Han Chinese fishing vessels fishing permit required to be put up in the South Korean flag on the highest mast, fishing without a license will be linked to one side of these national flag, to “muddle about.”
However, these unlicensed fishing vessel “fudge” the likelihood of success is not great, they are often equipped with water cannons, rubber bullets, helicopters Han Guohai Police caught. For the South Korean media accused Chinese fishermen face when Han Guohai Police “violent resisting arrest”, “comparable to the pirates”, who has had dealings with the fishermen Han Guohai Police told reporters: “You have to came for me, my attitude is certainly rude, it must resist, but we are just ordinary fishermen, never maliciously hurt them, just want to get out, then do not fined a 34 hundred thousand. “arrest of a Chinese fishing boat was towed to South Korea’s Jeju Island generally and Mokpo and other ports. Fine as long as the ship owner to settle, South Korea will press the “China-ROK Fisheries Agreement” provides that “the rapid release.” Mr. Li said, “Well they are money.”
According to Han Guohai Police data show that the last five years, South Korea on Chinese fishing boats of the fine amounted to 29.4 billion won. Even at the present exchange rate, there are 164 million yuan. South Korea Mokpo Coast Guard said on 24 October this year, if there is no “violence”, Chinese fishermen fishing per violation could face a maximum of 70 million won (about 392,000 yuan) fine. If the “violence”, will face detention and other criminal cases.
According to Korea, “Chosun Ilbo” website reported on November 7, South Korea currently has drafted a bill, prepared in fines, forfeiture of all the arrested Chinese fishing boats catch, because “the Chinese fishermen were afraid of fishing, but also willing to pay a fine, they also earn a lot of money selling the fish. “blame for this, many fishermen shouting odd, because in addition to South Korea’s punishment, fishing without a license or technical violations of the Chinese fishing vessels also face Chinese fishery sector punished accordingly.
“grabbed two boats were fined more than a million, came back the government will punish me, I lift fuel subsidies.” Mr. Li says. The so-called fuel subsidies, when a fishing boat fuel prices higher than a certain standard, the Chinese authorities to meet the requirement to provide capital subsidy to fishermen. By fishing vessel “hosts total power” to count, a 280-horsepower boats a year can make up to 170,000 to 180,000 yuan. Therefore, Mr. Li said, even if losing money, not to go to Korea himself categorically “fishing without a license” if the penalty deducted fuel subsidies, “that is to bankrupt.”
Korean fisheries disputes may be outside the deliberate use of
followed on several occasions, according to a Chinese fishery patrol boat went to the waters surrounding the industry to Correspondents said, recently, South Korea to protect the resource name, is gradually reduced to issuing Fu Han Chinese fishing vessels into the fishing licenses. Meanwhile, Japan and Korea are the number of fishermen have to take control of their own. While Japan and South Korea to increase efforts to protect its own resources, on the other side is driven by the interests of Chinese fishermen and often illegal because of the China-ROK fisheries disputes the short term may be difficult to break, but also may continue to escalate.
the industry said that the problem can not stop stealing fish, the question now is, “I was wrong, you should do this to me?” He said that China and South Korea have been very mature fisheries dispute resolution mechanism, as long as the evidence, how fine Korean fishing boat to China, how much punishment is very clear, do not rise to diplomatic friction. However, “if one party wants to small mass, which is destined to become a diplomatic issue.” For example, South Korean media in condemning the tone used when Chinese fishermen very intense, Han Guohai police many times in the nation to combat Chinese fishermen Weapon, which are not conducive to the overall approach. All of these may lead to China and South Korea fisheries dispute is “the deliberate use of some external.” The industry believes that “China and South Korea should form a tacit understanding, face the fisheries dispute, not to hurt other exchanges.”
expert Lu Chao, Liaoning Academy of Social Sciences World Wide Web in an interview with reporters, also said South Korea deployed warships, helicopters, fighting with the Chinese fishing boat is obviously excesses. And people really worried that South Korea against the greater the intensity the higher the penalty amount, the more intense resistance to Chinese fishing – this vicious cycle is the formation of Korean waters, “fisherman problems ultimately rose to diplomatic issues, and national sentiment aroused in their respective countries, this is a period of time between the two countries are required to face the continuing challenge. ”
Lu Chao also believes that the outside world is difficult not to South Korea’s hard-line stance and status of the South China Sea conflict, tied. He said the Chinese fishermen in Thailand, the Philippines, the frequency of several countries in conflict, the waters surrounding China’s situation is becoming more complex. In some countries deliberately provoked the South China Sea, the Chinese fishermen can easily become a “target”, so the fishermen to the sea should strengthen awareness of the law.
to individual fishermen ashore without converting nowhere
present, and the whole Weihai Rongcheng, Shandong, fishermen are considering a “converting ashore.”
reporters learned, Rongcheng Marine Fisheries Service proposed in recent years, should take the initiative by the “hunting” type to “animal husbandry and fishery” type transformation, through increased aquaculture of sea cucumber, abalone and other valuable seafood, build Rongcheng “Sea ecological farms” into a “silver the gold build undersea bank.” Under such a policy transition, such as “good masters”, “Chishan group” more than a dozen leading companies are making Rongcheng fisheries to marine aquaculture, processing, deep-sea fishing, shipping and other aspects of international development.
In addition, the coastal provinces, the government is actively implementing the protection of coastal fishery resources and recreation. In addition to annual six, seven, eight months is defined as the Bohai Sea fishing season, the Shandong provincial government has also begun to tighten the ship from the source of marine fishing license issued. Fishermen must first scrap the old fishing boats, new boat to the government in order to obtain a permit, in order to control the new sea fishing. The industry believes that the mobility of fisheries resources, as long as the fishermen fishing in strict accordance with state regulations, to assume the maintenance responsibility of the fisheries sector, China’s coastal fishery resources is not without recovery possible.
At the same time, many coastal local government also encouraged some large fishing companies to “deep-sea fishing.” Reporters learned that a considerable part of Rongcheng fishing has been all over Alaska, Ghana, Bi Shaoer, Mauritius and even Argentina, as well as fishermen in the family business set in Fiji, fishing, and other aspects of the whole sale locally.
However, some individual fish farmers in terms of “converting” road still appeared to be inadequate. Fishermen often live in urban and rural department, farmers to “land” as source of income, but the fishermen did not “land”, “shore” will be very difficult. Many self-employed fishermen or to the big companies to work, to participate in ocean fishing the high seas, or can only maintain the status quo, still “secretly dry.” “Government out of the security, reputation and operational capacity and other considerations, tend to support large-scale deep-sea fishing fishing company,” Mr. Li said, sighed deeply, “the self-employed fishermen is difficult to get government support, to get life ‘Interesting’, have their own way. “
PS: there is a road not Dengzhou – catch the sea life clip
saying goes, a road not Dengzhou, fishermen did not have much life Fishermen reciting romantic. Reporters and a mountain in the Isle of fishing Guardian interview, violent biting wind, the air was filled with the port strong smell. Fishing boat crew members wearing rubber underwear, and some manipulation of the hanging baskets of fish on board the cable car to the shore of the truck, and some cleaning up of dirty muddy deck, while others are flush with the water directly against the body. Turbaned women sitting on a pier next to the ground, with a plastic needle to fill the skilled share of the net 10 meters long, time to get up throughout the afternoon, long exposed to sea breeze into the redness of the skin wrinkle wrinkled, old equipment was state.
sea day is maddening monotony and fatigue. Guardian as a reporter in a mountain “Wizard” of Wang left with a black white gloves. He is one of the few young fishermen to stay home, because the left hand ring finger and little finger in the sea in early September this year when the ship’s cable Jiaoduan part of it, is currently sidelined with injuries. He said he hoped the fingers quickly is good, the sea can earn before spending the New Year pen.
tip of Shandong Peninsula, this small town located less than five starts dark, dock lights gradually light, afar as floating in the sea when the little fishing boat. The town was put on the street next to the seafood stalls, stall loudly yelling: “ocean-going ship called the, ah and fresh and clean.”
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