12 月 22 morning , bound for Qingdao University Avenue Primary School school bus is about to get to school, the students cheered.
□ newspaper reporter Liang sun
since this fall, the Ministry of Education started in six regions of the country school bus pilot, although not in the list of the pilot, also began to explore the operation of Qingdao , but the popularity of the school bus is facing a real problem: the price comparable to a professional school bus Audi A6, who to buy? Who will care?
child like the parents at ease
12 22, Qingdao temperature dropped below zero.
morning at 6:55, just days off, Qingdao University of Liu Yi Road Primary School on the bridge, accompanied by her mother, waiting to ride close to home site. At this point, this car was her image as the “big nose” of the professional school bus driver is driving under the steady Zhang Baoqing driving. After 10 minutes, Liu Yi Bridge and waved goodbye to her mother, skillfully punch, on the train.
“and my mother drove me than I like to ride the school bus.” Qingdao to take the first “big nose” school bus school, Han Xu reason given is: “Some people play , but also make friends. “
school bus routes through this bustling city of Qingdao. Each to a site connected to the child, protect members of Li Li will lead the list in the car check mark.
although still to be strengthened to protect the right of way, “big nose” of the safety performance or to attract a large number of parents. The school bus from the Yutong company producing generic American school bus, yellow body is eye-catching, as all-steel, anti-collision capability.
7:35, “big nose” arrived at University Avenue School, students in nursing care under the guide members filed down. At this point, staring at the monitor platform Jiaoyun warm Bus Co., Ltd. Qingdao Branch Manager Yang Jie relief school bus. Through this back-office systems, including the car he can control, including all the “big nose” of the operations, real-time vehicle location and tracking, driving conditions for vehicles issued to correct the error command.
trendy style, security and good “big nose” onto the streets of Qingdao, began September 22. Day, warm and Bus Company Limited Qingdao Jiaoyun start professional school bus pilot, the official opening of 10 school bus routes. Since then, the “big nose” and have entered the city of North, Sifang of two secondary schools. So far, Qingdao has 15 “big nose” and put into use, pick a day close to 700 primary and secondary school to school. Take the school bus to pay the cost – the pilot phase, 10 a day per student per month transfer 22 days, a total of 220.
pilot loss of money worries people
planning in Qingdao in l, the school bus is a popular long-term plan, not only set up a school bus operators company has also developed over one hundred of the school bus operations program.
“to make social responsibility” – that is, general manager of Qingdao in l warm bus company has been promoting the song Day explained the main reason for popularity of the school bus.
“a ‘big nose’ pull in more than 40 children, instead of more than 40 private cars, reducing the number of carbon dioxide emissions!” Said the National Day song, a large number of private car transfer students, not only caused the primary and secondary morning and evening peak traffic around road congestion prominent, also increased the burden on parents, there are still risks in terms of security.
Qingdao Municipal Bureau of Education survey data show that transfer students Qingdao existing vehicles (more than 5) 1216, about 4.5 million students transfer from school. Among them, the government purchase and 85, 7%; government lease 333, accounting for 27%; school (Park) from the purchase of 84, 7%; school (Park) lease 163, 14%; enterprises, individuals and parents spontaneous organization of operational vehicles 551, accounting for 45%.
Day appears in the song, there is not a professional school bus passenger transport companies as holding, operating, most of the lack of operational qualifications, management experience, security risks are likely to breed.
12 December, the Joint Transportation Committee of Qingdao Municipal Bureau of Education, Public Security Bureau and other student transportation vehicles meeting safety management forum. During the meeting, said the school bus Qingdao Jiaoyun project development plan. Next year, the Qingdao urban area into 100 school buses, “five-second” period, the number of school buses to reach 2000, including 1500 for the rural market.
but worry about that song is the National Day, the pilot phase, the “big nose” loss.
song Day calculations: the charges, $ 220 per month per student to each vehicle containing 50 nuclear, 10 months a year to run the calculation, annual income of a school bus but 11 million; costs, according to the calculation of a year to run 10 months, the minimum cost of a car at 17 million, of which depreciation charges 4,000 yuan/month, salary expenditures (a driver, a guide member care and logistics management) about 7,000 yuan/month, the fuel of about 3600 yuan/month, the insurance of about 2300 yuan/month.
music National Day admits that the company purchase a professional school bus from the Yutong company, Banqi up to 40 million, calculated in accordance with 200 next year on the road, light vehicle purchases have more than 8,000 yuan. If we count operating costs, greater pressure on company funds.
difficult to pay high spread
cost naturally led to high prices. Many parents want, “big nose” to reduce the price. Due to higher charges, just opened in Qingdao Experiment 2 line, the original registration of more than 600 people in the end, only 100 people ride.
addition to the newly opened route, operational safety, the most concerned about the National Day song for the school bus and how to promote the “find the money.”
National Day song says, to long-term development, school bus project must implement the “government-led, business operations, standardized management.” Pre-pilot, self-financing the purchase of vehicles by companies in operation, but the school bus is a high input, low-return, high risk project, with the scale, government financial subsidies given to business school bus is a necessary condition for normal operation.
Qingdao City Board of Education, said Sun Jianguo, Director of Security, in accordance with “government-led, business operations, standardized management” principle, reference to the urban area of ??Qingdao Municipal Bureau of Education program practices, specifically by the company led the establishment of Qingdao in l , school bus operators in rural areas.
compared to urban, rural school bus conditions are worse and more need for professional school bus. Have been found in urban areas is not cheap “big nose” school bus, how to make rural families afford it?
Hou Mingliang general manager of Qingdao in l roughness introduced in order to allow rural families can afford, it is envisaged roughness city, seat of town government and school pupils were asked to share the travel costs. In the model selection, narrow township road conditions, etc., plan to use the 35 or so “small nose” school bus, the vehicle’s style, structure, performance, and “big nose” the same.
“the popularity of the professional school bus, must solve the problem of high charges, or else only with individual schools.” Qingdao an education official said, the world experience, as a professional school bus a cause of public interest, government financial subsidies are large, some subsidies to the enterprise, and some subsidies to students. Since the purchase of school buses and school compared to Qingdao is exploring a “professional company operations, government subsidies” model probably will become the mainstream of Chinese school bus operation mode.
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