when to inspection jianghai electronics factory in Zhuhai, Deng Xiaoping said: “Do not argue ‘socialist’ or ‘capitalism’, as long as there is help to improve overall strength, just do it. profile picture
as early as the squares Southern conversation a year ago, China had a controversy on the Huangfu Ping article. Four articles signed “Huangfu Ping”, “Liberation Daily” released to convey the spirit of the instructions of Deng Xiaoping’s reform and opening thought, that is, in Shanghai in 1991, he talked to the New Year when some of the views and views. That year the Spring Festival
, Comrade Deng Xiaoping in Shanghai is not as usual to the western suburbs of hotels and family to spend the Spring Festival, but rather full of inspection, listen to reports, to express their views. He made a lot of new ideas, especially from planned economy to market economy, “Do a socialist planned economy, a market economy, capitalism is not the case, both a means . ” Did not expect these four articles have been critical about a year, it was even a letter to the central authorities that reform and opening up is very dangerous, not to mention the reform and opening up. Deng Xiaoping has been calm observation, so later a popular saying in Beijing, said: “Kyoto man, sit back and surging.”
squares so cool, saw a year until it released the final word of Southern Talk.
Recently, the reporter interviewed one of the Huangfu Ping Zhou Ruijin. He believes that the re-Wen Xiaoping Talks in the South, is to make the transformation into the mainstream values ??of the Chinese Communists. He emancipate the mind, innovation and social management practices spoke highly of Guangdong, it is recommended to continue a pilot basis, the laying of the “Green Road” in the minds of the people in Guangdong.
◎ with 20 years ago, 30 years ago, the deepening of economic reform to promote social reform, administrative reform and political reform, need to strive to get rid of, mainly the “left” pure ideology “Restricting”, but not completely market-oriented reforms breed of “special interest groups” and “step-by-step Camp”
◎ spotted the crux of the problem on a whim, take the initiative to change than passive change, as early as changed better than a late change. If we sustained rapid growth in the economy, the government has more access to resources, can not be decided to innovate the public administration, timely and appropriately to promote political restructuring, and is deprived of committing historical errors
◎ rich is a extreme ideas, which not only will not achieve the common prosperity, but also to destroy the private economy. I think that as long as it is legitimate wealth, they should be protected and this protection, to inspire more people by virtue of the sweat and wisdom of the individual to get rich creating wealth
the ◎ childhood Village to Wukan Village, a consistent is respect for the autonomy of the masses. Among the masses, there is danger in trouble, the insurance mess, the secretary to go in the front of the police to listen and to solve the public demands; not the secretary of hiding behind the police in the front, the intensification of the contradictions among the officials and the public
◎ Guangdong from release non-political, non-religious classes NGO registration, nurturing society organizations, the government community to work together to resolve social conflicts, a new situation to the aftermath of the Wukan event in South China, for our party in the social transformation of , highlights the contradictions of drastic measures to create a society of harmony and stability, are also creating a new path
Zhou Ruijin, China Academy of Social Sciences PhD supervisor. Graduated from the journalism department of Fudan University in 1962 assigned to the “Liberation Daily”, the latter presided over the work of the “Liberation Daily” in 1993 was transferred to the “People’s Daily deputy editor-in-chief. The pseudonym “Huangfu Ping” in 1991, providing leadership in the four review articles of the reform and opening up new ideas “, has attracted wide repercussions. Haikou reported
● Nanfang Daily reporter
Duan Gong Wei Hu Zhou City
reform and the need to strike
Talk in the South after 20 years, China has become the world’s second largest economy, but domestic social conflicts and interests of friction is also accumulation and overlay
<p Nanfang Daily: How do you see the historical significance and status of the squares Southern conversation?
Zhou Ruijin: someone who still remember the last century, at the turn of the 1980s and 1990s, years, is an important historical juncture of China’s reform and whither. Reform is market-oriented “or” planning orientation “heated debates” program orientation “re-gained the upper hand. For example, when there is a tone of very left of the article, he proposed: “The core of the reform, the focus, the key is along what direction and path of reform, a reform concept is essentially a” capitalist “, comrades also to deny the distinction of the Two Views on Reform, avoid words “capitalist socialist or”.
Deng Xiaoping’s Southern Talk significance lies in the Party for 68 years old, with amazing courage, to be alert to the political right, but mainly to prevent the “left”; economic development the last word, the planned economy is not equivalent to socialism market economy is not capitalism, plans and market are economic means; to judge the reform and the legitimacy of the three standard methods of thought. Comrade Xiaoping’s south, go all the way to talk about all the way from Wuhan has been to address what Guangdong, which is a trip to restart reform, pick up the heart of the sun trip really thin sound of the “Great Music sweep haze”
regain the momentum of reform 20 years ago, the morale of the troops by the party and the people. I would like to emphasize the role of the great men of history to push hands. Hooker in the “hero in the history book:” Hero is the to Incident creative and able to re-determine the course of history. “Hook that the historical role of the hero on the intersection of history, to maximize the performance , because of the historical development of the prospect of showing the many possibilities. The ancients said: hero, a hero for the times.
Talk in the South after 20 years, China has become the world’s second largest economy in the world financial crisis has become an important ballast stone, but domestic social conflicts and interests of friction is also accumulated and superimposed. Reform to the need to strike a fierce charge of the historical moment. See, from the grassroots community and network media reform in large public sites, need to be enthusiastic, need to unite the party and the people, promote social management innovation, such as Guangdong, attention and promoting social development, government and non-governmental forces to join hands together to solve the transition society complex issues, like Comrade Deng Xiaoping encouraged: “sights, boldly try, daring to break.”
emancipating the mind
emancipating the mind and the test of political ethics
current, whether the leading cadres afford a distraction, is not the head, and in the ass. Head Qingming enlightened is not difficult, hard in the ass is sitting in the interest groups, or sitting on the people sitting side of the central government and the socialist system with Chinese characteristics
Nanfang Daily: Do you think need to do it again ideological liberation movement, if necessary, what are we to liberate thought?
Zhou Ruijin: I have always believed that the reform and opening up is by emancipating the mind and promote. China has so far undergone two major ideological liberation movement. The first time was a big discussion of the criterion of truth. The Xiaoping talk is the second ideological liberation movement, the core of how to see socialism.
However, the reforms did not manage the public authority, the bigger of capital rely on market mechanisms, special interest groups formed. Thus, 20 years ago, 30 years ago, the deepening of economic reform to promote social reform, administrative reform and political reform, efforts to get rid of, not primarily the “left” pure ideology “Restricting” , but the breed of radical market-oriented reforms “special interest groups” every step “. Someone come up with some of the “left” big hat to frighten people, to block reforms, it is precisely in order to maintain the monopoly power of certain departments and their own monopoly of resources, competing with private.
dare to cut ties and interest groups is an important aspect of the emancipation of the mind. Leading cadres afford a distraction, is not the head, and in the ass. Head Qingming enlightened is not difficult, hard in the ass is sitting in the interest groups, or sitting on the side of the people, sitting side of the central government and the socialist system with Chinese characteristics. Can you reform, decided to cut with unreasonable interest, through the restructuring of the interest, to help the people, empowering the people to gather popular support. Seen that today’s ideological emancipation and reform, was more a test of party members and leading cadres of party spirit and political ethics.
Deepen the reform of the
not migrant workers mindset towards the reform
the face of social contradictions, increasing social pressure to bear by the party and the government, people expectations and the reality gap widened. But some local reform is still idling, varying degrees of leading cadres lack of entrepreneurs to play with the mentality of the workers who maintain the status quo, does not aim but to no
Nanfang Daily: In recent years, social on the arguments for reform are more squares first, then the “do not argue, is proposed to persist in reform and opening up unswervingly. 20 years later, the different historical stages require different cognitive. Do you think that the current reform is the need to “do not argue? Should adhere to what kind of reform and opening up unswervingly?
Zhou Ruijin: inside and outside the party have often heard a voice of the deepening of reform to have a sense of crisis, have to play. “Journey to the West” as a metaphor to describe the difference between migrant workers and entrepreneurs. Q: Why the Monkey King Monkey King, but beat the Buddhist sutras, the road monster? A: The Monkey King met to the Jade Emperor to work, so we are the meaning of meaning is not really their lives; monsters encountered in the western sky on the road are out of business, it will be hard. This scripts, help us understand the plight of today’s reform.
General Secretary Hu Jintao warned: “spirit slack danger, lack of danger, from the masses of the danger, the danger of passive corruption, more pointedly placed in the front of the whole party”. Frankly, the increasing social pressure to bear in the face of social conflicts, the party and the government, the public’s expectations and the reality gap is widening. But some local reform is still idling, varying degrees of leading cadres lack of entrepreneurs to play with the mentality of the workers who maintain the status quo, does not aim at, but they try. This is a great pity.
history is destined to China’s reform and can no longer pleasant outing “. Even if the social management innovation at this stage has its own rationale, but some reefs is to deepen the reform in any case, not around the past. For example: How to restrict the expansion of public power, to limit the formation and growth of special interest groups; how a considerable portion of public resources to control by the state-owned enterprises, the reform of capital gains distribution methods, so that the benefit of all citizens; how to manage capital through the scientific system. limit the formation and growth of crony capitalism factors, and so on. China’s economic reform was very successful, has established the framework of the socialist market economy, the next step is to further develop and improve scientific and rational rules for the operation. At the intersection, we can not stagnant, must make a choice, the rule of law reform to the socialist market economy; instead of being rich and powerful kidnapping, to state capitalism.
last year and this year, a large number of relatively young cadres to leadership positions. I would like to say a word to them: spotted the crux of the problem on a whim, take the initiative to change than passive change, change as early than late to change. If we sustained rapid growth in the economy, the government commands more resources can not be decided to innovate the public administration, timely and appropriately to promote political restructuring, is guilty of the errors of history.
common prosperity is not to deprive the rich of legitimate wealth
speak the common prosperity not to say that the wealth of the average, the key to equality of opportunity. The most important thing is to solve the problems of ordinary people rising channel. Avoid that one end is the heritage of agriculture, the second generation, the helplessness of the poor second, the other end of the official second-generation, rich second high-profile hereditary
Nanfang Daily: How do you see the squares between the moment of the social gap between rich and poor, thinking of the comrades of the “common prosperity”?
Zhou Ruijin: but have the common people all warm and has always been the pursuit of a politician. Communists revolution the workers and peasants but also to the common prosperity, especially in the bottom of society can live a better life. Comrade Deng Xiaoping’s 1992 Southern conversation stressed that “development is the last word”; 1993, in conversation with his brother Deng Ken proactively think about how to do later developed. He proposed: a handful of people get so much wealth, most people do not, and this trend continues will one day be a problem. The past we are talking about development. Developed after than not to develop less. “( Chronicle of Deng Xiaoping, “the second volume, 1364)
Today, 19 years past the concentration of wealth to further improve the social income gap is widening. The common prosperity of the political aims of our party to unite the people, this long-term solution relating to the credibility of even the political legitimacy of the ruling party. But to solve this problem, can not repeat the practice of “socialist transformation” of the 1950s, trying to nationalize private property, the restructuring of the economic situation. They must depend on the allocation of resources continue to promote market-oriented, reducing the proportion of government plans to configure, to put an end to the officials and businessmen blending and powers of the “rent-seeking”.
talk about the common prosperity not to say that the wealth of the average, the key to equality of opportunity. The most important thing is to solve the problems of ordinary people rising channel. How to protect the bottom of people’s opportunities for upward mobility, how to melt the curing of social class, to avoid that one end is the heritage of agriculture, the second generation, the helplessness of the poor second, the other end is the official second-generation, rich second high-profile hereditary. The curing of social class in what way? In the 1980s and 1990s to the beginning of the new century, many officials take the initiative to venture into the sea. And now thousands of university graduates to consider a civil service position, and general loss of entrepreneurial spirit. This requires that the rich and poor regions, balanced allocation of educational resources between urban and rural areas, the need to expand market access, reducing the powers of rent-seeking and monopoly of state-owned capital, civil servants and hired a fair, open, the need of cadre selection system rules , and transparent.
common prosperity, nor is it to deprive the rich of legitimate wealth, but through the people’s livelihood, financial and other control measures, more public resources in favor of the people’s livelihood, to help the rich class. Deprive the rich is an extreme idea, not only will not achieve common prosperity, but also to destroy the private economy. I think that as long as it is legitimate wealth, they should be protected and this protection, inspire more people with the sweat and wisdom, rich create wealth.
common prosperity of the problem is not only the issue of property distribution, but the whole system reform, and social fairness.
first first try
construction of small government and big society
Guangdong to break a new path
Guangdong reform the starting area, but also The starting area. These problems is not entirely a bad thing, how to deal with these problems, solve these problems was demonstrated by the Guangdong first
Nanfang Daily: Do you think whether there is a middle-income trap and trap problem in transition ? If there is, you think how it should be across? Guangdong should play what role?
Zhou Ruijin: I think the middle-income trap, does not exist you mentioned transition trap. Done research in many countries in Latin America I am a friend of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, the trap of these countries is how the formation of some of the views, I very much agree. These traps is not a result of economic development, but caused by the country’s political swings, unstable.
Guangdong reform the starting area, but also the starting area. These problems is not entirely a bad thing, how to deal with these problems, solve these problems was demonstrated by the Guangdong starting role. System defects mainly in the government is too strong, weak social and market distortions. Guangdong can play in deepening the reform of the role of a pilot basis, to bind the Government to grow the community and return to the market, to break a new path.
to break through the system bottlenecks and reform dilemma lies in the trust the people, relying on the masses. How do the forces of civil self-organization “? They are the spokesman for the interests of the grassroots expression, can not let them become the government sent a message buffer zone in the interests of friction occurs between the government and the people? From the power of the current maintenance of stability, the future of small government, big society construction, civil organizations are important cooperative helper. Government to accommodate them, unite them, to cooperate with them, but also the courage to use the law to restrain and regulate them, such as the Village Committee Organization Law to regulate.
I noticed a lot of friends said that Guangdong has done one with the Anhui provincial party committee secretary of the Miles “won the hearts of the decision, which is in July last year, the Guangdong Provincial Party Committee’s decision on the strengthening of the social construction . ” This paper proposes the decentralization of the social construction of power, “Omnipotent Government” in transition “limited government” and other new social philosophy, its historical significance comparable to Miles comrades in 1977 presided over develop in Anhui rural reform “Provincial six”. Childhood Village to Village of Wu Kan, a consistent respect for the autonomy of the masses of the people. Among the masses, there is danger in trouble, insurance mess, the secretary to go in the front of the police to listen and to solve the public demands; rather than the secretary of hiding behind the police in the front, and the intensification of the contradiction between the Government and the public.
recently in Guangdong the disposal Wukan event shine once again, made an important breakthrough. The leadership of the Communist Party’s grassroots democratic self-government is a long-term stability of the Road is a touchstone of our party to complete the transition from a revolutionary party to the ruling party. Want to move forward along the 13th CPC National Congress proposed system of social consultation and dialogue, the implementation of the four mechanisms of the Sixth Plenary Session of the Sixteenth CPC Central Committee put forward the contradictions among the people, filled the minds of the people “gully”, laying the minds of the people “Greenway” .
encourage local practice
cohesion reform consensus
reform, need to top-level design, but also the top-level inclusion to encourage local practice boldly. In the social construction and social management innovation, Guangdong has once again come to the country in front of
Nanfang Daily: The current re-Wen Xiaoping Southern conversation, should solidify what kind of reform consensus?
Zhou Ruijin: what kind of political consensus? I do not want to expand the specific point of the discussions on the reform of the socialist market economy and democratic politics, the strategic pursuit of our generation of communists, which has been integrated into the blood of our party since the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee. I would like to focus on how to build consensus for reform.
consensus for reform, the need to further emancipate the mind, both social democracy and democracy within the party. Compared with the 1980s or even the early 1990s, leading cadres at all levels today better educated, higher professional standards, do not divide the mainstream public opinion. Reform fatigue, the root of not understanding the limitations, but is bogged down in the deep-rooted interests of disputes, and dare to let go reforms.
cohesion consensus for reform, another joint point, the pioneering spirit of respect for local According to Yu Guangyuan comrades recalled, Comrade Xiaoping special emphasis on strengthening democracy, emancipate the mind, start the machine (brain), he said: a production team to see a piece of land to plant trees and have a little pond did not engage in farming, could not sleep brains can increase how much wealth? brains used in what place? Four Modernizations it! “the next step of reform, you need top-level design, but also need top-level inclusive, encouraging place to be bold in practice. In the social construction and social management innovation, Guangdong has once again come to the front of the country.
“Great Leap Forward and subsequent famine, the comrades of the Guangdong Provincial Party Committee to support the pig farmers, to keep the northern Guangdong, a large, reducing the loss of life. Guangdong from release non-political, non-religious classes NGO registration, nurturing society organizations, the government community to work together to resolve social conflicts in the South China formed a new situation in the aftermath of the event to the Wu Kan, for our party in the social transformation of contradictions highlights of the root of the problem to create inherent social harmony and stability, are also creating a new path.the
At present, we re-Wen Xiaoping Southern conversation, a very important point, is to make the transformation into the mainstream values ??of the Chinese Communists. From this origin, we can reach a five-point consensus: a modern market economy system is the best choice of economic development;, democratic country ruled by law is the long-term stability of the political system selection;, respect people’s autonomy and creative spirit, is the most dynamic social governance options; modern science and technology is the main choice for the development of advanced productive forces; five, people-oriented, freedom of thought, pluralism and harmonious economic and social development human spirit.
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