Song of chess.
Han Dynasty pottery.
here will continue to explore.
a large tombs were found in Suzhou Tiger Hill area, which is across six dynasty tombs, can be traced back to the early Eastern Han Dynasty, dynasty tombs in various layers of overlapping , spectacular, extremely rare in the archaeological history of Suzhou. Archaeologists are now exploring the scene clean-up, has been unearthed, including pottery, porcelain, bronze mirror, gold hairpin, etc. a wide variety of precious cultural relics. Yesterday, the reporter led the archaeologists to visit this piece of large tombs.
overlap across the six layers of rare tomb dynasty
newly discovered large tombs located in the southwest corner of Tiger Hill Scenic Area, there is in full swing Tiger areas to carry out a comprehensive renovation project, the local residents to here as “Songjiafen.” Archaeologists told reporters, “Songjiafen” site was originally a large mound, from the Tiger Hill area about 1,000 meters, covers an area of ??about 2,000 square meters, the highest point up to 6 meters. Most houses around here were demolished, a reporter from a large rock came through on this piece of brick tombs. According to the Suzhou Institute of Archaeology, archaeologists Zhang Tiejun introduction, the archaeological department has been aware of the mound before the existence of tombs below, because there will be a comprehensive reform, it must be modified before the archaeological excavations of the mound. This is cleaning up tombs excavated across the Eastern Han, Six Dynasties, Tang, Song, Ming and Qing dynasties six, has now discovered 41 tombs, most of Ming and Qing Dynasties tombs, according to some epitaph situation , mostly belonging to the family cemetery, now that the first can be traced back to the Han Dynasty tombs. “Coffin basically rotting away, and only one of the Qing Dynasty coffin because water slurry, paint is good, relatively recent years has only been retained so far, but also spread a touch base.”
archaeologists Zhang Tiejun said that 41 graves have been excavated tombs are small, the largest number of the Ming Dynasty to the “tomb of Mao”, tomb of the sons was assistant minister in the court as the Ministry of Personnel, hair home at the time regarded as a local as mayor, “Mao’s Tomb” is the tomb of the son by the hand-designed and built.
reporter learned from local residents, this piece is a big tombs original mound, two-story building height than the nearby residents is even higher, before the archaeological excavations, a large mound covered with weeds and above trees, some residents grow vegetables on the mound. Excavated from the field situation, the original mound of archaeological work has been carried out with the emergence of a number of pits of varying sizes, the altitude is not as high.
correspondent in the archaeological site found in the tombs has revealed a pit south of the tomb’s wall, can still be seen pouring a slurry and brick tombs, archaeological staff told reporters, as this tombs above the high-voltage tower, we do not explore them. Zhang Tiejun, according to archaeological experts, the current archaeological excavation work is being orderly manner.
surprising five chess children come from across the Song
archaeological site, archaeological team showed reporters they had just finished cleaning up the artifacts, open cabinet , which placed a wide variety of cans, there are three of the Six Dynasties copper bowl, and six ears of the Han Dynasty celadon pottery, some of these cans in good condition, some have a fracture. Zhang Tiejun archaeological experts told the reporters, which are found in the tombs, and there are the Han Dynasty pottery, porcelain, pot, in addition to the Six Dynasties pottery, cymbals, to the Ming and Qing Dynasties is a bronze mirror, gold silver jewelry. Opened the cabinet drawer bottom layer, the reporter saw all kinds of coins and some small pots.
correspondent noticed a slender shape, height about 20 cm pots, very light in his hand. Archaeological experts said Zhang Tiejun, the pottery of the ancient people used to drink the “water bottle”, called “Han bottle.” According to legend, this pottery was used to store drinking water army soldiers the tools, its function is equivalent to military canteen, is called “Han bottle” because of this pottery is famous Hanshizhong attack Kinbyo Song, the army Soldiers with the Kap Shui device, was brought to widespread civil use, people use it to draw water, water, and hold wine.
archaeologists Zhang Tiejun excitedly told reporters: “This time we also found a Song chess.” Then, he drawer and took out a small bag, which is equipped with five pieces. “This is a porcelain chess, we only discover 5, respectively, there are two ‘death’, a ‘gun’, a ‘horse’, there is an ‘elephant’, the other pieces have not been found.” Zhang Tiejun Introduction said.
get expert permission, picked up a pawn in the hands of reporters weigh a bit, this porcelain piece shape and texture of the piece is no different now is that some heavy weight, estimated before the tomb of life is a senior “chess fan.” Site also shows the unearthed nobile, silver hairpin, and sizes of the bronze mirror, bronze mirror those of a dozen centimeters big, small, five or six centimeters, although these artifacts in the ground dormant for years, but the above exquisite carving still visible, was the superb technical craftsmanship is evident.
It is understood that these relics will study the history of Suzhou, Tiger Hill area where helpful, the study of Wu culture has a very important value. Zhang Rong Jiang Yinfang complete text/photo
■ expert doubts
archaeological experts from the painted tombs of the distribution point of view, and some tombs zero fragmented distributed in every corner, and some tombs actually overlap, how is this all about?
Zhang Tiejun archaeological experts told reporters, because there is “poised”, each dynasty has the graves of people buried here, but over time the surface migration of great changes, the original graves were sand buried after can not see out, the next dynasty people will continue to be buried in the grave above, so it was a coffin overlap. “This piece tombs show ‘tomb to play Tomb’ phenomenon, the phenomenon of the late tomb tomb early break frequently.” Zhang Tiejun archaeological experts told reporters.
■ They said it
Chinese chess has a long history. Warring States period, has been recorded on the official chess.
chess stereotypes in the late Northern Song Dynasty into the modern mode: 32 pieces, with the river community board, will be among the nine palaces and so on. Southern Song Dynasty, Chess “known” to become an extremely popular range of chess activities. Li Qing-zhao, Liu Chuang and other writers, flood compliance, Wen Tianxiang and other politicians, have hobbies to play chess. Court set up the “chess Daizhao”, the chess player for more than half. The public has called the “chess teacher,” the professionals, child and authoritarian chess chessboard craftsmen. Song also appeared in Mai’s “chess by the theory,” Ye Maoqing the “God machine chess set,” Chen Yuan Liang’s “thing Lin Guang Ji” and other chess writings. Yuan Ming and Qing dynasties, a popular chess continues. General
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