small workshop piled sheepskin
unannounced visits to leather processing workshop
largest northern city in leather Hebei Xinji. Here, the leather industry, become the main source of small villages, large and small processing enterprises is very large. They clear division of labor, have a special production of leather, and stitched leather. However, in some small works, sewers, garbage everywhere, the production of the “three noes” selling sheep escape unimpeded, a price of only $ 15, a garment factory changed hands to become raw materials for leather coats. The entire production process uses a lot of cancer-causing dye to produce toxic substances. Of course, leather coat of water on the deeper, the price of more than 40,000 leather coat wholesale price was only 7,000 yuan. July 27 to 31, the reporter went to Xinji unannounced visits.
◎ Leather City
4 万多 leather coat wholesale only 7,000
to bring leather, Hebei Xinji have to say, well-known national Xinji Leather , has been awarded the China Leather Industry Association, “China’s leather, leather of the” title of honor and good name under heaven known as Xinji leather. Recently, a reporter drove to Xinji City of Xinji leather had visited.
Xinji leather very large city, there are thousands of stores, selling a wide range of leather products, correspondent after visiting a dozen stores found that most of expensive leather, some as high as several million. Reporters on the first floor of the fur shop around hovering when he was a salesman pulled into a fur shop. “You come to buy clothes or purchase? Want style, we are factory direct sellers, the style is very new, all imported fur.” ??Correspondent readily took a good look fur coat, a look can not help but shocked, marked above 41,300 yuan.
“price is only for reference, we are manufacturers supply, the price is discounted, this can give you optimistic about the two-fold, only a maximum of more than 7,000 dollars, but also to the more re- cheap. “salesperson said, there are sub-leather with leather leather, and imitation goods prices are much lower, both look and feel almost the same, but the price is only one-tenth of the real thing. Reporters asked to see fake goods, the sales staff told reporters genuine and fake goods are the same, if directly after promising to pay to get a fake style. And respect the company made with the genuine and fake goods, real goods exported or sold to rich people, fake people to sell.
claiming to foreign goods, a pull straight hair loss
correspondent found that the high price of fur and leather products, customers will bargain can be less than 2% discount, or even lower . Reporters asked a leather city clerk, she said, “While price is very low, but can not lose money to sell, also the lowest discount price on the basis of cost plus profit. Not vote for people tend to buy fake goods , seemingly cheap real deceived. “
” We are importing of mink, the U.S. imports. “” These are the fur produced in Australia, we exported after processing in Europe and America. “” We The raw materials are imported from Finland. “selling fur attendant will say their products world-famous brand, but correspondent tried it and found many so-called high-grade fur will be gently pull hair, after a reporter’s repeated inquiries They said the fur is abroad, but the processing sites in Xinji, there may be minor problems did not process a good phenomenon.
◎ unannounced visits to small workshops
sewers, the village is the smell
in Xinji suburbs have a leather processing area, there are dozens of workshops to form a village. July 29 afternoon, the reporter in the village after the child walked a few steps to the foul smell was pungent odor, had two rows of houses, and saw the welcoming face of the two tanneries, and tanneries next to a contaminated dirt into the dark and glowing pool of water, about to thirty or forty meters, turbidity may not see color how deep the pool of water exudes a pungent odor.
the edge of the pool is the villagers’ vegetable species. Local villagers told reporters in the winter a little better now days so hot, even here the smell of suffocating, the village has a lot of people can not stand the taste, moved out. After many young people out of the village, or even want to go home.
one villager told reporters: “This year’s situation is slightly better, but sometimes the water from these plants outside the pool after a long time will be vomiting, dizziness, throat discomfort.” Correspondent in the pool when observing the source of water until almost 10 minutes, they feel a little headache.
addition to the two sewage plants, the reporter found that the village has at least a dozen plants, like water tens of meters there is a pool of almost every other, and some glowing red, blue color, foam of the Xiu Shui. The whole village full of these look like the same ink wastewater, the smell comes out naturally self-evident. Reporters Zhang village with an elderly master chat, he told reporters, “As the continuous production of leather companies, produce large amounts of sewage, the sewage plant in order to save the nearby discharge directly into the ground. In the past the village has several large ponds Now long ago became a sewage pond. Since the passers-by all over his nose after walking, the villagers have even more complaints. “
leather direct throw on the ground, the machine made a mold
tanneries produce wastewater production, wherever stink to high heaven, some of these water seepage into the ground directly, resulting in the village drinking water undrinkable. There are some through evaporation, direct air pollution, where the villagers are all breathing the air with a strong odor.
correspondent asked a worker in a factory waste water problems, he said tanning requires a lot of water, almost making one t need 100 leather fifty or sixty tons of water, waste water caused by such a large number of tanning processing cost is high, many companies simply do not want to pay the cost of treatment, after the settler had passed directly into rivers and other places. Before the environment here even worse, outside the village to the village almost stopping, can not stand the smell. Now, after transformation, a little bit better.
correspondent saw the door in a workshop, cleaned the leather out of direct discharge of sewage, factory direct open, the factory did not shy. Several workers are busy processing the leather that reporters into the plant, workers put in the hands of a live go get the boss. Garbage everywhere whole factories, animal hair scattered over the floor, finished leather processing directly on the floor.
more surprising is that machines are moldy, and exudes a smell. A picture of the leather is polished, and other procedures have been bleached, but the plant environment is indeed bad. “How many leather processing your day?” “Not counted, the program too much, the point is dirty.”
all three products, the boss is wary
in scene, the reporter saw, even if the rest of the processing of leather scraps, broken skin and hair are also concentrated stacked. “These scraps you used to do?” “Do not know.” Worker heard the reporter so I asked, cautious.
Just then, the boss came over. “You do?” “Over the orders and see the quality of leather.” “To here it, there is a plant, here are finished leather.” Storage room piled up a variety of leather, whole, and a little broken of both. “You want to what? What to do with?” “Do for clothes, do the leather coat.” “These are OK, how much you wholesale? With these leather garment factories, that the problem is not.” “We look at quality. “
reporter saw all of the leather are the” three noes “products, according to a number of quality sub-grade. Is this time, plant owner that reporters took the phone back and forth, immediately became suspicious, “You do not look professional, ah, in the end not to fur?” “We have just been doing this, do not quite understand the market, look it. “Then, this reporter left the plant immediately.
in another small workshops, on-site is unsightly, to do this mainly sheep. Production plant to prevent outsiders from entering, if only to see the finished plant. However, the door looked through the production plant, plant where a lot of scattered scraps, garbage everywhere. This plant is more arrogant boss, and saw the two come to goods directly said, “You have to wait four days the line, now goods are ordered, have long been buyers, and you get more.”
According to regulations, leather processing workers to declare, after the formal training of professional requirements of primary standard number of hours, and obtain a certificate of completion in the career continuous student more than 2 years. Processing workers have intermediate and high distinction. However, the small workshop within the staff are mostly around the village, because there is no certificate.
where the sheep more than 10 pieces a
on the road to the village hung a sign that read a variety of low-priced sale of leather, follow the signs into the reporter to a factory inside. See someone, who was working in the yard watching correspondents are head high. Several men are on the ground cleaning sheepskin, blood everywhere around, the air was filled with the top people’s taste.
correspondent would like to work for workers close to being a middle-aged woman came immediately pulled correspondents, reporters asked the guard is doing. Reporters said that is to wholesale leather, woman carefully looked at a reporter, to determine the reporter did not take the hands of suspicious objects, told reporters inside the factory can not mess around, and with a reporter came to the room manager.
manager surnamed Zhang, the reporter also did not speak before he asked the correspondent number of problems, particularly vigilant. He then told reporters that they are basically here’s genuine sheep skin, but particularly large shipments, cargo must be 5 days in advance to say, now the company is no inventory.
reporter went to another factory, the manager for a 40-year-old man with a reporter into the warehouse to see the product, the reporter with him came a dark hut, a long wooden shelf filled with black leather on leather on the floor, piled one meter above ground part of the dust will be inflicted to a gray leather. Reporters tried his hand, found some weak leather leather, color, some black.
man told reporters, “about 10 sheep to be leather, this leather prices vary, the most expensive of 9.5 yuan each, followed by 10 dollars, 15 dollars is the most expensive. These are finished products, semi-finished products can be cheaper. “
reporter asked why so cheap price of leather, whether it is true, the man that can guarantee whether true or false, and claimed from them where to go out of the leather quality is not bad.
large profit margins, the price just to
came out from the leather room, the reporter asked him why the factory smell so bad, he said, “to enter the leather goods do not think this place is dirty, smelly, we are like a factory here, nor is our one light. “
” Grilled down fur from animals after the clean-up, certainly requires a lot of water to rinse We here particularly large shipments a day, shipping tens of thousands, with countless water. a little dirty water is normal. “
reporter asked him to sell on the market of leather goods and clothes prices are particularly high, this line of business is profitable, he said, “If this line does not make money, it would not be around so many factories, and will not have the international leather city. fur animals transported over when the price is not high, but the handling process after the price increase to sell a lot of plants, factories and then processed into products, the price turned several repeated. “he told reporters, their company and several factories producing leather goods are long-term partnership, every day, get past a lot of leather, just the list will be able to make hundreds of thousands of corporate profits, plus a small profit customers worry about.
He also told reporters that they are basically here is really out of leather leather, is the production of the time seem particularly dirty, there may be fraud, fake, after all, more profitable. Leather is a leather factory which mainly fraud, something they are really out there leather synthetic leather, greater profits are manufactured in factories.
“a genuine coat, according to the normal prices, the cost of paper alone will almost four thousand dollars or so, plus various fees, commission and other shopping centers, how to be sold for five six thousand or more, this is low-grade leather, with fur if more expensive, so buy a 2000 on the outside are definitely leather synthetic leather, and leather from a few hundred to hundreds of thousands of both, really false can be seen from the price. “
◎ broke the news industry can synthesize an entire waste of leather skin
Reporters hit a car, taxi driver Mr Hu said that he done before in a leather factory worker, factory can not stand the taste was resigned, opening a taxi. His son would like to engage in the fur business after graduation, but he refused, and now his son working in a factory. Why not let his son do about fur business, he said, “I have done this line I know that this is indeed money, but deep inside the water, in order to make big money necessary to fraud, all with leather too expensive to buy less people, and others are selling three thousand, it certainly will buy you sell five thousand. fraud will come out after a profit, but after all, not a permanent solution, sooner or later will conduct a serious investigation of these fake leather processing plants, that time maybe will provoke a trouble. “
when he said his past work on the use of scrap leather that should be thrown away, then they re-collected a synthetic leather, came out almost and leather is the same, but the leather is very durable, although the quality seems to have no problem with cracks over time is normal. “Now the high level of technology, in addition to create leather scrap leather, but also can create with leather to leather, leather made out of even cheaper and many vendors are selling leather wallet that tens of dollars, twelve hundred dollars for bags, luggage, etc. are done this way, or a leather wallet is also at least three 五百元以上.
“made of leather with a lot of raw material, caustic soda, tannic acid, heavy metals and dye. Dyes, tannic acid, heavy metals are toxic. Dyes are mostly nitrogen-containing organic elements, is carcinogenic. Heavy metal poisoning is irreversible, in the human body has a strong deposition, but also has a strong carcinogenic effect. “
genuine leather, after being polished and brush oil, to distinguish with the naked eye is not out, do not try to understand people also do not feel even hand out some good imitation, the surface layer that does is leather so can not make out in the market to buy a genuine leather and not easy to sights Caixing.
◎ Links distinguish a look at two touch genuine leather goods
to observe the surface texture of leather, leather look of pores and patterns, in general, the dermal surface gloss, and very natural, smooth and does not wrinkle easily, natural pores and surface pattern. different leather types of surface pores and not the same pattern, for example: pig skin pores round and thick, tied into a set of three, triangular arrangement, the surface uneven; leather pores small, round, evenly distributed closely, the leather surface of the light smooth; sheepskin pores were oblate, very clear, showing scaly arrangement.
doing a lot of good leather material, leather in appearance and is very close, generally difficult to distinguish between true and false, However, through careful observation and identification of different techniques, and the leather is still a difference. a close look at the surface of the pores of leather, not leather the natural distribution of the pores, the pores false size, shape and distribution is very uniform, if you can see the bottom of the material or the interface section, then, it is easy to distinguish the.
good leather material feels very full, soft and full of a certain extension and flexibility, pressing hard on the leather folds there will be different the different leather handle , such as pig skin and cowhide rather hard, so often used to make bags and shoes, and soft sheep skin most often used for leather, leather skirt, etc. You can also pull a little harder leather, leather look anti-tearing degree and good toughness. not as good as leather or imitation leather feels comfortable and smooth, a little sticky feeling.
◎ reporter’s notes do not in the leather of the “poison”
From the environmental side, into a piece of small leather workshop in order for the immediate expense of the environment, resulting in a lot of wastewater directly discharged without treatment into the water, the local water environment causing serious pollution from the consumer point of view, price leather coat is a few million to go out from here. first leather tannery production at all levels, and then transported to the garment factory, for further processing. In fact, many low cost of leather, even scraps can be recycled use.
from the perspective of risk, leather clothing production process can make clothing from animal skins into leather, the links need to consume a large amount of energy and water, and the need to use many toxic substances including formaldehyde, coal tar, dye and cyanide. tanned leather can not be after the biodegradable, and most of the leather using chromium sulfate and other salts of chromium tanned, chromium-containing waste generated chromium salts through the digestive tract, respiratory tract and skin invasion the human body, causing ulcers, allergies, inflammation and other symptoms, long-term exposure to chromium can cause chronic poisoning. text/Chart reporter
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