damaged porcelain is called the Palace Museum “Ge plate,” National Palace Museum official website screenshot
exhibition at the temples out of the Forbidden City damaged porcelain “Brothers” is labeled as “kiln plate”
on display in the temples unearthed in other places,” Ge plate “Express correspondent Army photo
yesterday, Express reported that Nanjing has “Ge plate”, and the Palace Museum are from the damage that a Ming Wang Xingzu tomb was unearthed when the 11 plates stacked together, intact.
However, one after another. Some media said that the Nanjing museum experts to “prick,” said Palace Museum is damaged disk instead of Ge ware kiln drive. In the Nanjing Museum (temples) Yutang Jiaqi exhibition hall, indicating also the Southern Song Dynasty Guan plate. Are the same within a tomb unearthed in the “brothers”, why call it the Palace Museum “Ge bow Kwai orifice plate”, and the Nanjing Museum is marked “kiln Order”?
doubt it makes a mystery of the past thousand years, has been referred to the table. Originally, the Southern Song Dynasty kilns, regardless of the official Columbia, is an internal debate between academics, and now about to be popularized. What the ancient name of this dish that “man” or the name “official” collection of experts Ma did not say, not tell; identification experts say, are right! This is how it happened?
name “Columbia” name “official” how to tell
usually identify what’s the password?
academia to identify or Ge kiln there are two consensus:
1. Ge with milk yellow “gold wire”, kiln ridge is black.
2. Ge films open a small, relatively large kiln opening film.
identify why the failure?
experts said, to take the temples are on display plates, this plate, “wire” is black instead of cream, and from this point to judge, should be kiln plate; but If the size of the opening piece from the point of view, it’s opening film is far too close, not open the film is Ge ware features. “So, call or Ge kiln plate are all now to draw conclusions too early.”
this, porcelain experts, the National Palace Museum Research Librarian Yepei Lan said yesterday that, impaired Palace relics belonging to the Song or Yuan Dynasty, the industry still remains controversial. Wang Xingzu tomb unearthed porcelain kiln or whether it is Ge, which involves a mystery almost a thousand porcelain. Song with the official, brother, will, Yu, Jun 5 large kiln, but Ge is a mystery, and this is the scientists trying to uncover the mystery.
archaeological presentation show unearthed 11 plates
Yesterday, the media said the museum made a stupid mistake, 1970, from the tomb of Wang Xingzu plates is 12, not 11. Even when the number of museum relics gave wrong? Reporters reviewed the year’s archaeological presentation. Archaeology in a year were published by Li Ran, “Tomb in Nanjing Ming Wang Xingzu briefing” on a detailed record of the year archaeological situation. Which said, funerary objects unearthed a total of 74, sub-pottery, porcelain, jade ornaments, gold and silver, copper ornaments, iron weapons and stone epitaphs. One pottery 2, one is incomplete cylinder, wall-imprinted circle pattern; one is a bottle, ocher, roll along the straight mouth, small flat, shaped like olives.
porcelain 12, plate 11. Was 11 stone in front of the plate in the Ministry, unearthed some layers together, both Ge ware products, medium and small can be divided into three categories. Kwai mitral valve, schungite glaze, opening film. Fetus showing purple caramel market ring foot, in the small cap end of burn marks left branch. Tape 3, diameter 16.1-16.4, 2.9-3.1 cm high; the plate 1, diameter 15.3, 2.8 cm; small cap 7, caliber 13.5-14, 2.2-2.7 cm high. Another one is blue and white porcelain bowl pupil. At that time, the bowls and plates put together, white, blue and white, curly grass pattern painted bowl rim, the bottom wall and carved with dragon and floral chrysanthemum sprays, the appearance of painted cloud dragon.
temples why the change to the plates, “name”?
using the authority of the experts proposed by the 1990s, “kiln” view
since we personally clean up the dishes out of this 11 people say is Ge, the temples gallery Why is kiln it? Is archaeological presentation was wrong?
According to an unnamed archaeologists say the tomb unearthed cultural relics, archaeological presentation in writing is to write where unearthed what burial, rather than a conclusion would be relics. “Tomb artifacts, usually at the same time period, or more ancient age of these plates is more than Wang Xingzu life years old, is likely to have personal relationships and Wang Xingzu. Wangxing Zu may be a collectors, collection of antiques.” Then These relics who determine their age, shape, fix it What’s the problem? Archaeological presentation is very rigorous academic report, accompanied by fears of a joke, usually your authoritative experts to identify, identification, the respected everyone’s views, given a name.
However, some of the artifacts themselves academic issues, will reveal some of the mystery, to be slowly corrected. Unearthed in 1970, this 11 plate, to the 1990s, encountered naming problems. At the time of an academic conference, the experts looked at the temples of this dish, some experts believe that Shanghai is kiln drive, not Ge plate; one of the Shanghai Museum, the authority of experts to determine which is the kiln drive, not a Ge plate. Since then, these temples unearthed from the tomb of Wang Xingzu of plate, into the kiln from the Ge disk drive.
“I explore is the Ge plate”
However, the archaeologists who home quarter has a different view, he said, this is the Ge plate not kiln plate, there will not be wrong.
1970, the quarter with disabilities at home and another expert with the Central Li Ran outside Zhangjiawa tomb of the Ming dynasty, Wang Xingzu were archaeological. Season home clearly remember who was unearthed in a total of 11 plates, these plates stacked. Although the tomb has been sleeping within 600 years, but unearthed, they look very good. After washing, the plate of glazed look to attract everyone, that glaze is very thick, green, kiln mouth feel like just taking out the same.
“that the tomb had not been stolen, so not a lot of silt when unearthed 11 plate one, we all felt amazing.” Quarter who said the family, including the Forbidden City to allocate the last two plates, is Ge’s. “We all know, is Ge, and not the kiln.”
archaeological presentation in the year, also says, when the plates were unearthed 11 Ge ware products. They are divided into medium and small categories. Kwai mitral valve, schungite glaze, opening film. Fetus showing purple caramel market ring foot, burning sticks in the small cap at the bottom left traces. The archaeological presentation is then another archaeologists Ran Lee wrote. In other words, Lee Wai-yin, also finds that 11 plate is Ge plate.
“To me this is the kiln plate”
have heard of such a plate of Nanjing yesterday, many people went to temples to see what .
exhibition center, a plate look very noble stood quietly. Looked thin, there will still be slightly yellow. This plate is the tomb of Wang Xingzu, and the Palace damaged plate is “brother”, they are from the same tomb. “Because the Palace of the things we also had a fire today to visit a lot of people.” Field said a staff member.
looked thin, the plate has a front and back of the root line, still in the bottom of the plate number written in black brush. Although the damage to the plate and the Forbidden City is the “brother”, but here’s cultural description is written: the Southern Song Dynasty Guan plate. Beijing Rong Bao Auction Co., Ltd. Nanjing Branch Manager Yang Fan ceramic hybrid walked over, careful look, looked again and again. “To me, this is the Southern Song Dynasty Guan plate.” “You see the rim of this plate, open piece big, inside the yellow line is not milk.” Yang Fan said, this dish looks very elegant, I feel it is court of origin. It also gives people a vague sense, even if future generations want to imitation, can not fake out the flavors. This hazy feeling, even now no way to clone, because the enamel is opaque glaze, is likely to be unique to the Royal.
reporter found that in the “kiln plate” next, but either side of two plates, they come from different tombs, but also the different kilns of the Song Dynasty. Among them, the “kiln drive” on the right, is a dense ice cracks Ge plate, looks smooth and light oil. “This is a look at Ge plate, Yongzheng Emperor Kangxi in the Qing Dynasty was a lot of imitation, but imitation is very like, do not recognize the true and false.” Yang Fan said.
“Guan Ge can call it”
Nanjing Museum, a porcelain expert for the temples have a very close reading of ” kiln plate “, for what they are kiln or Ge, the experts say: all right, if the disk is considered to be Ge Ge, if he determines that it is the disk can also be kiln.
Why? There are multiple concepts of kiln. That kiln, you will think of the Ming and Qing Jingdezhen kilns that Queen, who are dedicated to official kiln, firing porcelain palace. In fact, in the Song period, the kiln is a species of ancient kilns, and Ge side by side kind. Song of the first kiln in Kaifeng, so far only see objects, but did not find the ancient kiln sites, because the ancient city of Kaifeng, the ancient kiln sites in the 11 meters underground. “Now, even the pieces of the Northern Song dynasties which are confused.”
to the Southern Song Dynasty, Ge and Guan a “brother officer” regardless of the situation. Over the years, been discovered ancient kiln kiln, opened a kiln firing process, however, Ge has not been found of ancient kilns, and even some experts doubt whether there is any history of Ge ware? Ge ware artifacts have fired?
in academia or Ge kiln if identified, have consensus on two points: that is, Ge the “gold wire”, the opening film of small Ge ware. Either Ge or kiln, objects have a front and back of the line, these lines are yellow with black. If the cream, then known as the “gold wire” Ge only, while the kiln line is black. In addition, the Ge film’s opening is small, but significant piece kiln opening. “Kiln as a big film, the film often with palm open, or half a hand, a quarter of a palm-sized.”
“too early to draw conclusions now”
Guan and Ge have since identified the secret of porcelain unearthed the tomb of Wang Xingzu then why can either call kiln drive, but also called Ge stick? CAEXPO experts say now is really no way to give them to a conclusion, because these pieces of porcelain looks too “exotic.” Take the temples are on display plates, this plate, “wire” is black instead of cream, and from this point to judge, should be kiln plate; However, if the size of the opening piece from the point of view It’s opening film is far too close, not open the film, is Ge ware features. “So, call or Ge kiln plate are all now to draw conclusions too early.”
Ma did not have well-known collector or for the Ge kiln, shaking his head. “Since ancient times, the Southern Song Dynasty kilns, big brother on the official, can not distinguish between the ancient people, how to distinguish modern, and, this is a debate within the academic community, there is no need for mass, difficult to explain.”
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