Beijing, July 24 (Xinhua): the sun “Three” books to be further strict budgeting of the accountability
China news agency reporter Zhang Weiran
2011 central departments, “Three funds” publicly opened on July 19, which is the central departments “Three funds to the public budget and final accounts. Faster in the published accounts of “Three” is more detailed progress outside experts believe that the urgent need to further strict budgeting, the introduction of accountability mechanisms, a fundamental government departments to spend money more restraint, more careful.
with last year compared to this year’s “Three funds open three significant progress: First published faster, there are only 19 92 department announced the” Three funds “data. Accounts of some refinement. The vast majority of departments listed in the overseas missions trips, bus to maintain the number of newly purchased vehicles, the volume and price, the official reception contains content. The third is the administrative funds sub-sector for the first time publicly.obvious progress at the same time, the current round of public still need to correct a number of shortcomings. National People’s Congress, Ye Qing, Vice Secretary of the Hubei Provincial Bureau of Statistics, the National School of Administration professor, bamboo house, to the China news agency reporter analysis, malpractice is mainly reflected in four aspects:
the first, the details have not detailed enough. For example, with the exception of a few departments of the Ministry of Education, Ministry of Transport, Meteorological Bureau of Material Reserve, Department of Agriculture, State Administration of Taxation, etc., the majority of central government departments did not disclose the strength of the number of retirements, only the “Three” total, people can not be measured “Three,” the per capita cost, which is the current round of “Three” of the biggest regret.
to announce too simple and too general and administrative expenses, administration costs for the vast majority of departments announced only the total number, not a separate specific expenditures. As a large sum of expenses, people can not analyze whether there are problems.
driver fee is not included in the bus operating costs. In China, the vast majority of departments bus with drivers is part of the cost of the bus driver wages, this figure is very large, but the State Department and the Ministry of Finance did not make the provisions of needs in the system design will be included.
fourth, more than 90 ministries on the same day published data is not conducive to the media and the public through supervision of the use of funds raised criticisms and suggestions. Proposed to revise the practice stage, batches released, so that every department has sufficient time to put under the spotlight to be tested. In addition, the departments also deal with the public on the books put forward the views of “Three” to establish a responsive platform to make further explanations.
Yeh also pointed out that, in addition to central government departments, China still has a large “Three” consumer groups – state-owned enterprises, especially the central enterprises. They occupy a large amount of public resources, some of the senior management staff to enjoy the treatment is higher than government officials. Over the years, the central enterprises alienation from the government and between enterprises, which “Three” consumer standard job which execution has a detached position, it is necessary to accept the supervision of the media and the public.
Audit Auditor-General Liu Jiayi has pointed out that China’s “Three” funding concept is not clear, the caliber and standards are not up to standard, not conducive to play the role of constraints and control are likely to cause the public misunderstanding. Some direct project expenditure column of basic expenditures, some departments budget funds transfers between budget accounts, expenditure, individual departments exist to exceed the standard charged to the phenomenon of the “Three funds. How to urge the central government departments spend money on more modest, more careful? Analysts believe that high “Three funds” With the increasing public strength and detailed public content can not be successfully cut down, the temporary is even more fundamental First and foremost is strict budgeting at all levels and open.
long ago, the State Council promulgated the “Government Offices Administration Ordinance, the Ordinance requires government departments according to the needs of work and authority operating budget to develop a spending plan of the” Three funds, shall not be diverted to other budget funds. The regulations also introduce accountability mechanisms: ultra-budget, ultra-standard expenses official reception fees, purchase of official vehicles and running costs, official hospitality abroad (border) fees, or divert funds from other budget funds for the purchase of official vehicles and running, going abroad (Habitat), the arrangements for visits or training has nothing to do with the operations of the departments of the country (border), the higher authorities shall order correction by the appointment and removal or supervisory authorities responsible shall be given warning; a serious case demerit demerits; the circumstances are serious, demoted or dismissed from his post.
Zhu Li have suggested that the existing budget law does not involve the concept of “Three”, only refers to “the public budget expenditures classified according to their economic nature, including the spending of wages and benefits, goods and services expenditures, capital construction expenditures and other spending. “the State Council promulgated the Regulations on the basis of the modification of the budget law deal with the” Three funds budget and expenditure for the strict rules, to further refine the budget and prevent passed on to other expenditures, and accountability in the Ordinance to write into law, to strengthen its authority.
amending the law, outside, Yeh also called for China to have the courage to promote the bus as soon as possible, the official reception and reform going abroad, “Three funds” is not only fundamental to the decline, but also spend more scientific. “For example, some units will go abroad opportunity assigned to the veteran about to retire, which is considered a unit of welfare, the approach is very scientific, is not conducive to personnel training, should allow the young and middle-aged business backbone and more study abroad. Another example comes to public service reception, all departments always say four dishes and one soup, there are also documents shall not allowed to eat and drink, but in many places exceeded the reception proved to calculate the per capita spending in the form of buffet is a more cost-effective practice, it is worth promoting . “Yeh said. (End)
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